Raipur Municipal Corporation Flouts Solid Waste Management Norms, Delays Setting up Plant

Reported by

Asha Verma

Published on

September 4, 2017

September 4, 2017

Updated on

September 4, 2017

Location of Conflict

Sakri

Sarona

Raipur

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Waste Management

Landfill

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1619

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

27

ha

Starting Year

2014

State

Chhattisgarh

Sector

Infrastructure

Since 2014, the residents of Sakri village had complained about an illegal waste dumping site on their common land, where the Raipur Municipal Corporation (RMC) would dump waste from Raipur city. According to the residents, the action violates the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016. Traditionally, the common land has served as a playground and space for cultural activities for the Scheduled Caste households in and around the village.  Before Sakri, the RMC used to dump the citys waste in Sarona village. But this came under the scanner of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) after an environmentalist, Nitin Singhvi, filed a petition. Consequently, the NGT ordered the RMC to shift the site from Sarona due to its negative impact on the environment and public health. Following this, the Raipur administration proposed a project to develop a municipal solid waste processing and disposal facility in Sakri.  In 2012, the district administration alloted the common land of the village to the RMC allegedly without the consent of Sakri Gram Sabha.  In 2014, the administration tasked Raipur Waste Management Private Limited with the duty of waste management and transportation.  However, the village residents became agitated by the wrongful acquisition of their common land and the poor management of the waste dumping site. They were also concerned about the risk of pollution and contamination of the water sources and its impact on livelihoods.   In the EIA report, the company mentioned the potential impact of the landfill on groundwater contamination. In 2016, during a public hearing, the people too registered their protests and spoke about the impact of pollution on agricultural lands and animal husbandry. Regardless, in August 2016, the project received environmental clearance. The residents submitted a written complaint to the RMC, but to no avail.  The site in Sakri came under further scrutiny after the Airports Authority of India considered the objections raised on the distance of the new waste dumping site in Sakri from Raipur airport in view of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) norms. In January 2017, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed the RMC to seek permission from the DGCA for the dumping site. In July, the NGT also ordered the RMC to construct a solid waste management (SWM) plant in the village within four months and to set up a panel for monthly updates. In response, the RMC confirmed that the plant would come up in Sakri. In January 2018, a resident of Sakri filed a petition with the state Human Rights Commission, which wrote to the RMC commissioner. In August 2018, the DGCA granted a conditional No Objection Certificate to the landfill after reassessing the distance. Meanwhile, the RMC continued to dump waste in both the villages.  On April 11, 2019, the Chhattisgarh high court ordered the RMC to complete the SWM plant in Sakri and to stop dumping waste in Sarona village by June. But the RMC requested an extension to complete the shift even as protests broke out in Sarona. In the same year, the Chhattisgarh Environmental Conservation Board (CECB) decided to intervene after the villagers in Sakri repeatedly appealed. In September, the board undertook an inquiry and site visit. It concluded that the RMC was flouting the norms of solid waste management on multiple counts and noted that the construction of the plant had not progressed.  Following this, in December 2019, the CECB issued a notice to persecute the RMC after the corporation did not explain its failure to adhere to the norms despite multiple reminders. The RMC refuted the allegations and reassured the CECB that the plant would be completed in January 2020.  In a high court hearing on December 16, 2019, the court directed the RMC to abide by the norms for waste disposal. It also questioned the authorities on its decision to select a site, which was surrounded by households and where a pond was already situated. The villagers also submitted evidence showing the discharge of hazardous effluents from the waste.  In January 2020, the CECB proposed to the court to fine the RMC with INR 7 crore for its failure to comply with the norms. The court also reprimanded the corporation for continuing to dump the city's waste after repeated warnings.  In June 2020, the state government finally inaugurated the SWM plant after a delay of over three years. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

124

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws, Constitutional Law, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4: [Preparation of Social Impact Assessment in consultation with panchayat or municipality, and preparation of environmental impact assessment reports when the government is acquiring land for public purpose]; Section 5: [Public hearing for the Social Impact Assessment]; Section 6 [An Environmental Impact Assessment would be required for the project and the Social Impact Assessment report must be provided to the authorised Impact Assessment Agency to carry out the EIA]
Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
Rule 15 [Duties and responsibilities of the local authorities and village panchayats, including responsibility for efficient waste disposal]; Rule 16 [Duties of State Pollution Control Board and Pollution Control Committee to address concerns, issuing and revoking authorisations etc]; Rule 19 [Criteria for duties regarding setting up of solid waste management disposal facility]; Schedule I [Criteria for site selection, including considerations when setting up a disposal plant and post-care of landfill sites]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(e)(i) [Programmes and projects for social and economic development to be approved by the Gram Sabha]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Exposure to hazardous waste affecting quality of life]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(v) [Offence of wrongful dispossession of a member of Scheduled Tribe from their land or premises]; Section 3(1)(xv) [Offence of forcing a member of Scheduled Caste to leave their house, village or other place of residence]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Clause 2 [Prior environmental clearance required by appropriate authority for new projects falling in the Schedule]; Clause 7 [Environment Impact Assessment to be in accordance with the procedure laid in Section 7]; Clause 7 [Procedure to be followed for grant of environmental clearance]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Chhattisgarh

Case Number

WPPIL No. 31 of 2018; Original Application No. 43/2016 (CZ)

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Blockades

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Raipur Municipal Corporation, Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Raipur Waste Management Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

National Green Tribunal

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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