The Pong Dam was built in 1974 in Kangra district in Himachal Pradesh. More than 20,000 people in 339 villages were displaced from 75,268 acres of land.
In 1970, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the governments of Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan to rehabilitate people in Rajasthan's Jaisalmer, Ganganagar and Bikaner districts. Of the 20,362 oustees who claimed compensation, only 16,300 claims have been recognised as valid. Of this, more than 11,000 people have been allotted land.
In November 2018, the Rajasthan government rejected the claims for land of the remaining 5,3oo people. On December 10, 2018, the Himachal Pradesh High Court ordered the two states to hold a meeting to resolve the issue. The Himachal Pradesh government offered to buy land for the dam oustees in the state itself provided the Rajasthan government paid for the land. But the latter refused, saying that the land price in Himachal Pradesh was too high and that it could not afford it.
In February 2019, the Rajasthan government agreed to provide land to the remaining oustees in Rajasthan itself.
Meanwhile, about 700 oustees who are yet to be rehabilitated are fighting court cases for land allotment.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Type of Land
Type of Common Land
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Himachal Pradesh, Government of Rajasthan
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Resources Related to Conflict
News Articles Related to the Conflict:
Documents Related to the Conflict:
Links Related to the Conflict: