Rehabilitation Issues in Rajastan due to Pong Dam

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 6, 2019

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)






Conservation and Forestry

The Pong Dam was built in 1974 in Kangra district in Himachal Pradesh. More than 20,000 people in 339 villages were displaced from 75,268 acres of land. In 1970, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the governments of Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan to rehabilitate people in Rajasthan's Jaisalmer, Ganganagar and Bikaner districts. Of the 20,362 oustees who claimed compensation, only 16,300 claims have been recognised as valid. Of this, more than 11,000 people have been allotted land. In November 2018, the Rajasthan government rejected the claims for land of the remaining 5,3oo people. On December 10, 2018, the Himachal Pradesh High Court ordered the two states to hold a meeting to resolve the issue. The Himachal Pradesh government offered to buy land for the dam oustees in the state itself provided the Rajasthan government paid for the land. But the latter refused, saying that the land price in Himachal Pradesh was too high and that it could not afford it. In February 2019, the Rajasthan government agreed to provide land to the remaining oustees in Rajasthan itself. Meanwhile, about 700 oustees who are yet to be rehabilitated are fighting court cases for land allotment.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


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Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Himachal Pradesh, Government of Rajasthan

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Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

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Resources Related to Conflict

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