In 2017, four farmers from Kasaundi village were denied Individual Forest Rights (IFR) titles under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. The forest department rejected their claims of occupancy in a letter, but the families claimed to be cultivating on the land for over 20 years and accused the forest department of wrongfully denying them titles. They also alleged that the department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating and destroyed their crops. The conflict started in 2012 after forest officials allegedly destroyed the villagers' crops overnight and sent their cattle to the Kanji house. It was after several requests that the officials returned the cattle to their owners. In 2016, the department fenced the disputed land for plantations under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA). This came as a shock to the affected families, who received this information from a beat guard. They soon approached the district collector to appeal against the fencing of their lands, for which their IFR claims were still pending. In response, the collector ordered an inquiry by a forest ranger. After a survey, the ranger wrote that the land could not be notified for IFR claims as ownership over the land was also being claimed by the revenue department. The LCW researcher later learnt that the farmers, without any land holdings, are now entirely dependent on labour work for their livelihood. They have also turned into migrant workers in nearby cities as the forest department does not allow them to cultivate the land anymore.
Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Complaint against procedural violations
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Lack of legal protection over land rights, Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Villagers alleged that the forest department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating by destroying the crops, letting cattle graze the crops and arresting the farm animals.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: