Forest Rights Rejected, 4 Farmer Families in Chhattisgarh Turn to Migrant Labourers

Reported by

Asha Verma

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 27, 2017

October 27, 2017

Updated on

October 27, 2017

Location of Conflict

Kasaundi

Baloda Bazar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

CAMPA fencing

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

19

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

4

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Chhattisgarh

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

In 2017, four farmers from Kasaundi village were denied Individual Forest Rights (IFR) titles under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. The forest department rejected their claims of occupancy in a letter, but the families claimed to be cultivating on the land for over 20 years and accused the forest department of wrongfully denying them titles. They also alleged that the department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating and destroyed their crops. The conflict started in 2012 after forest officials allegedly destroyed the villagers' crops overnight and sent their cattle to the Kanji house. It was after several requests that the officials returned the cattle to their owners.  In 2016, the department fenced the disputed land for plantations under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA). This came as a shock to the affected families, who received this information from a beat guard.  They soon approached the district collector to appeal against the fencing of their lands, for which their IFR claims were still pending. In response, the collector ordered an inquiry by a forest ranger. After a survey, the ranger wrote that the land could not be notified for IFR claims as ownership over the land was also being claimed by the revenue department.  The LCW researcher later learnt that the farmers, without any land holdings, are now entirely dependent on labour work for their livelihood. They have also turned into migrant workers in nearby cities as the forest department does not allow them to cultivate the land anymore.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a) [The right to hold and live on forestland for livelihood shall be a forest right]; Section 4(3) [The forest rights recognised under this Act shall vest in all forest-dwelling Scheduled tribes and other forest dwellers who had occupied the forest land before December 13, 2005]; Section 4(5) [No forest dweller shall be evicted or removed from the forestland under his occupation till the recognition and verification of forest rights is complete]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Rules, 2007
Rule 16 [The state government shall ensure through its revenue and forest departments that all protections and government schemes are made available to the claimants whose rights have been recognised under FRA]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Clause V(b) [No member of a forest-dwelling Schedule Tribe or other traditional forest dwellers shall be evicted from forestland till the process of recognition and vesting of forest rights under the Act is complete]
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2(4) [State government empowered to allow the use of forestland for non-forest purposes without prior permission from the Union government for the purpose of afforestation]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Claims for recognition of Individual Forest Rights were filed under the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Villagers alleged that the forest department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating by destroying the crops, letting cattle graze the crops and arresting the farm animals.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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