Forest Rights Rejected, 4 Farmer Families in Chhattisgarh Turn to Migrant Labourers

Reported by

Asha VermaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 16, 2021

Location of Conflict


Baloda Bazar

Reason or Cause of Conflict


CAMPA fencing



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

In 2017, four farmers from Kasaundi village were denied Individual Forest Rights (IFR) titles under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. The forest department rejected their claims of occupancy in a letter, but the families claimed to be cultivating on the land for over 20 years and accused the forest department of wrongfully denying them titles. They also alleged that the department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating and destroyed their crops. The conflict started in 2012 after forest officials allegedly destroyed the villagers' crops overnight and sent their cattle to the Kanji house. It was after several requests that the officials returned the cattle to their owners.  In 2016, the department fenced the disputed land for plantations under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA). This came as a shock to the affected families, who received this information from a beat guard.  They soon approached the district collector to appeal against the fencing of their lands, for which their IFR claims were still pending. In response, the collector ordered an inquiry by a forest ranger. After a survey, the ranger wrote that the land could not be notified for IFR claims as ownership over the land was also being claimed by the revenue department.  The LCW researcher later learnt that the farmers, without any land holdings, are now entirely dependent on labour work for their livelihood. They have also turned into migrant workers in nearby cities as the forest department does not allow them to cultivate the land anymore.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Lack of legal protection over land rights, Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Villagers alleged that the forest department used coercive measures to prevent them from cultivating by destroying the crops, letting cattle graze the crops and arresting the farm animals.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Asha Verma

Reviewed By

Asha Verma

Updated By

Asha Verma

Edited By

Asha VermaLand Conflict Watch

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