Legal Data by
April 12, 2017
April 12, 2017
April 12, 2017
Lalitpur Power Generation Co Ltd (LPGCL), run by Bajaj group, had signed an agreement with the Uttar Pradesh government in 2010 to set up 1980 MegaWatt (3 units of 660 MW each) super-critical thermal power plant in Lalitpur district between the rivers Sajnam and Utari. According to the local farmer groups, land acquisition for this project was done in an arbitrary manner (see the attached news article from Divya Sandesh). More than 1000 acres of land was acquired by showing it barren in the papers, but in reality, the acquired land falls on the part of the land irrigated by Sajnam and Utari tributaries.
The farmers demanded that the youth of the villages should be provided jobs and a 24 hour electricity supply should be given to villagers. They also demanded that Bajaj group should give 300 crore to the development of village as well as water from the dams of lalitpur wont be used for the project. Their main contention is that the authorities hadn't fulfilled any of the promises related to payment of compensation, jobs or electricity to village residents. Many families are still awaiting for their compensation.
The project came up before the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in 2015, when a petition was filed against the plant for unlawfully drawing the water from the Dam on which thousands of farmers depend for irrigation. Allegations in the application are that the LPGCL is using fresh water in excess of the permitted limit, not monitoring ambient air quality, not carrying out wastewater treatment and is violating green belt plantation requirement around the plant. Report submitted by a joint committee pointed out deficiencies related to fly ash disposal, handling hazardous waste, control of fugitive emissions, adequate tree plantation.
NGT ordered an inquiry into the matter. In 2019, NGT directed the industry to take remedial measures after drawing up an action plan for mitigation, especially ensure use of of latest technology instead of electro-static precipitators (ESP) for control of stack emissions. The NGT asked the Joint Committee to examine the action plan and oversee the remedial action and assess the amount of compensation to be recovered on account of harm to the environment for the violations caused during the period of default.
Demand for promised compensation
Complaint against procedural violations
Demand for rehabilitation
Opposition against environmental degradation
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Cost of Project
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Conflict ended due to any other reason
An organization called Action for Vigilance and Knowledge for Empowerment petitioned in the court against environmental degradation. The NGT in 2019 directed the industry to take remedial measures after drawing up an action plan for mitigation
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
National Green Tribunal
Original Application No. 128/2015; Original Application No. 609/2018
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Lalit Power Generation Corporation (owned by Bajaj Group)
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict: