Bio-refinery Project in Assam Faces Stiff Opposition, Local Group Alleges EIA Violation

Reported by

Ishan

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 20, 2017

July 20, 2017

Updated on

July 20, 2017

Location of Conflict

Owguri Chapori

Golaghat

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Industry

Bio fuel refinery

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

144

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

11

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Assam

Sector

Industry

In May 2016, Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, signed an agreement with the Finnish company, Chempolis Limited, to set up a biorefinery in Golaghat district near Kaziranga National Park. The biorefinery is estimated to be built at INR 990 crore. An initial agreement was signed in 2014 and 2015. The residents of Owguri Chapori village were evicted to set up the refinery. Local organisations allege that the Environment Impact Assessment report of the project does not mention the presence of a reserve forest in the vicinity of the project, even though the project site is near Kaziranga National Park. On July 15, 2017, during a public hearing on the project, the leader of Jeepal Krishak Shramik Sangha, Soneshwar Narah, was arrested and charged under Section 307 (Attempt to murder) and Section 353 (Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty). The organisation has decided to move court to oppose the project. In 2018, both Chempolis Limited and NRL set up a joint venture, Assam BioRefinery Private Limited, for building and operating the biorefinery. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the project on February 9, 2019, in the presence of the companies' directors and representatives.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

990

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Schedule I, 5(c): All projects involving chemicals/natural gas are Category A projects and require mandatory clearence
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

During a public hearing on the project, the leader of Jeepal Krishak Shramik Sangha, Soneshwar Narah, was arrested and charged under Section 307 (Attempt to murder) and Section 353 (Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty)

Date of Violation

July 15, 2017

Location of Violation

Golaghat

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Numaligarh Refinery Ltd

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Chempolis Oy & Associates, Finland

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Jeepal Krisak Sramik Sangha

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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