Lake Beautification Project in MP Leaves Over 80 Families Homeless During Pandemic

Reported by

Nihar GokhaleLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Urban Development (Other than Smart Cities)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year



Madhya Pradesh



On May 9, 2020, the Rewa Municipal Corporation (RMC) demolished the homes of 103 families living next to Ratahara lake in Rewa town. The demolition was to pave the way for a lake beautification project proposed by the Madhya Pradesh Housing & Infrastructure Development Board. After the evictions, 17 families were allotted apartments under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), for which they had applied much earlier. The remaining 86 families were rendered homeless. Of these, 61 families have been accommodated in the parking lot of PMAY buildings in Rewa. The rest of the families have left for their native villages. The 61 families have demanded affordable housing. The RMC is currently processing their applications under the PMAY. Speaking to LCW, the homeless families said being evicted during the Covid-19 pandemic makes them vulnerable to the disease. The parking lots only have roofs without rooms or walls and they get flooded during the rains. The people, who are daily wage labourers, are unable to go to work fearing theft of their belongings. Speaking to a news daily, RMC Coommissioner Arpit Verma said that the corporation wanted to finish the demolition soon so that the beautification work could begin before the monsoons. The evictions were ordered with less than a days notice, which was announced via loudspeaker on the morning of the demolition. The evictions have been widely criticised by human rights activists for violating peoples basic rights and endangering their health during Covid-19. Shivani Chaudhry, executive director of the Housing and Land Rights Network, told LCW that the eviction was an egregious case of human rights violation and called for the project to be suspended and the displaced persons to be immediately provided with adequate compensation and alternative housing. Officials responsible for this inhumane act must also be investigated and tried under the law, she said. Meanwhile, Shivanand Dwivedi, a local social worker, has been helping the affected people file RTIs seeking information on the evictions. When they did not get a response, Dwivedi appealed to the State Information Commission, which ordered the government to release the information.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:


Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

People were forcefully evicted from their homes during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Date of Violation

May 9, 2020

Location of Violation

Rewa city, Madhya Pradesh

Nature of Protest

Media based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Rewa Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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No Images Available

Documented By

Nihar Gokhale

Reviewed By

Nihar Gokhale

Updated By

Nihar Gokhale

Edited By

Nihar GokhaleLand Conflict Watch

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