Jammu Development Authority Demolishes Gujjar Madrassa, 80 Affected Families Allege 'Selective Targeting'

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Published on

November 26, 2021

November 26, 2021

Updated on

November 26, 2021

Location of Conflict

Gol Gujral

Jammu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

0

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Land Use

On December 4, 2017, the Jammu Development Authority (JDA) bulldozed a madrassa in the Gol Gujral area in Jammu. The madrassa was attended by at least 80 Gujjar and Bakerwal families living in the area. Ashraf Khatana, a resident local, told the media that a team of JDA officials and the police arrived in the area with a bulldozer early morning and within no time took down the madrassa and allegedly desecrated holy scriptures. We pleaded with them to stop the demolition, reminding them of assurances given to us by the government in 2015 when the JDA demolished over 50 hutments belonging to our community. Then, too, the situation had got out of control when the authorities tried to demolish a madrassa, Khatana said. As news about the demolition spread, people came out and reportedly attacked the JDA employees, triggering massive clashes between the police and the protesters. Six policemen, including Station House Officer (SHO) Ratan Singh Rana, were injured. We were not given any prior notice by the JDA, nor did the police pay heed to requests from the local imam (cleric) who had asked for some time to at least shift the religious books, Khatana added. As the situation worsened, the government ordered the transfer of the SHO and had to rush Additional Deputy Commissioner of Jammu Arun Manhas to the spot to assure the protesters of an inquiry into the incident. The Gujjars have been demanding the reconstruction of the singlestorey madrassa. A JDA official, on the condition of anonymity, told LCW that the encroachment drives have been going on for a long time. We have been given general instructions by the government to demolish all illegal structures on government land, he said. Following the demolition, the protesters and local organisations accused the government of selectively targeting Muslim families. According to Shuja Zafar, chairperson of the Jammu Muslim Front, a number of religious places and community facilities belonging to different communities have come up on either side of the Tawi river during the last 3040 years. If they are claiming that the entire area has been illegally occupied, why was only the madrassa demolished and why were only hutments of the Gujjar community bulldozed in 2015? This is clear discrimination against our community, Zafar said. The Gujjar and Bakerwal communities in the region have been increasingly facing evictions under the guise of development and retrieval of encroached state land, he added.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to rebuild the madrassa

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section (3)(1)(g) [Wrongful dispossession of a member of a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe from his land or interference with the enjoyment of his rights over any land will constitute an offence under the Act and is liable for punishment]; Section 3(1)(za) [Obstruction of a member of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe from entering any place of worship or educational institution will constitute an offence under the Act and is liable for punishment]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [No person to be deprived of their right to live a life with dignity, which extends to enjoyment of religious freedom]; Article 25 [All persons are equally entitled to right to freely profess, practise and propagate religion]
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Scheduled Tribe status or lack of status

Violation of fundamental rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

As news about the demolition spread, people came out and reportedly attacked the JDA employees, triggering massive clashes between the police and the protesters. Six policemen, including Station House Officer (SHO) Ratan Singh Rana, were injured.

Date of Violation

December 4, 2017

Location of Violation

Gol Gujral

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Armed protests

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

An official in Jammu Development Authority (JDA), on the condition of anonymity, told LCW that the encroachment drives have been going on for a long time. "We have been given general instructions by the government to demolish all illegal structures," he said.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

An official in Jammu Development Authority (JDA), on the condition of anonymity, told LCW that the encroachment drives have been going on for a long time. "We have been given general instructions by the government to demolish all illegal structures," he said.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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