About two decades ago, several families belonging to Muslim, Koli, Jogi and Rana communities settled on a piece of land in Jhalana area of Jaipur. Over time, they built their houses there. In May 2017, Jaipur Municipal Corporation (JMC) said these 38 families are encroaching on government property and served notices to them to vacate the land. On August 2, 2017, when the government when to demolish the houses, a conflict broke out. The families allegedly pelted stones on the government workers, while they demolished houses. People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) came in support of the families and demanded that they cannot be evicted without a rehabilitation plan. These families are living under tents now. The government claims to have rehabilitated them.
Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand for rehabilitation
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Rajasthan Municipalities Act, 2009
Section 245 [the municipal corporation empowered to remove any encroachment on land/ space not being private property and also provides for penalty for making such encroachment]
Rajasthan Slum Development Policy under Public-Private Partnership Model, 2012
4(i): The implementation approach of the policy provided that the government would either regularise the slums or rehabilitate them, either at the same place, or relocate them to another site
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Lack of legal protection over land rights
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Displacement, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Indian Penal Code, 1860: Sections 143 (member of unlawful assembly), 332 and 353 (causing hurt to deter public servant from duty), 336 (endangering life) and 447 (criminal trespass). All 7 accused persons were granted bail by the district court.
Reported Details of the Violation:
The slum dwellers pelted stones at the officials carrying out the demolition work.
Date of Violation
August 2, 2017
Location of Violation
Indra Nagar Kachchi Basti, Jhalana, Jaipur
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Stone pelting
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Jaipur Municipal Corporation, Jaipur Development Authority
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
People's Union of Civil Liberty (PUCL), Muslims and Koli community