Harrisons Malayalam Ltd. (HML), the biggest land holding private firm in the state of Kerala was established its business back in 1834. They leased tens of thousands of acres of land for agri business which includes tea plantations, rubber plantations and other diversified agri products. Since 2004, discrepancies of land holdings, land alienation and forgery of documents by the company has came to light. After the official probes and court directives a high level committee was constituted under (Special Offiecer) Mr. MG Rajamanickam in 2013. Rajamanickam Committee Report found a total of 76769.80 acres of land held by the company in which 59363 acres has no legal documents/ownership deeds. Also, land alienation of 12658.16 acres by the company was recorded and Forgery of Documents were reported. Rajamanickam committee recommended that the rightful ownership of land leased to private comanies before 1947 came to the state government under the Indian Independence Act, 1947. Accordingly, the activities of HML has clearly violated the Kerala Land Reforms Act of 1963. Thus action should be taken to evict the land identified as illegal holding.
Eviction notice has been served to HML for 29000 acres of illegal holdings which was challenged by the company in the High Court of Kerala. The case is still going on.
Various reports of discrepancies were came to the notice of revenue authorities since 2004, which led to an operation to verify the legitimacy of Harrisons Malayalam Ltd. landholdings. In 2006 the Kerala government conducted a detailed report about the land holdings of Harrisons Malayalam Ltd. According to the Government of Kerala, Harrisons Malayalam Ltd. has got as much as 59363 acres of illegal land in the state of Kerala.
In 2013, the government had constituted a High Level Enquiry Committee headed by Mr. Rajamanikyam, following a Kerala High Court, to take over all the unauthorised landholdings, if any, of HML in the State. In October, 2013, M. G. Rajamanickam with power vested by Kerala high court and Kerala Land Conservancy Act inspected the land in four districts, heard the company's contentions and finally decided that the land belonged to the government and the company was an illegal occupant.
Type of Land
Private and Common
Type of Common Land
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Land Area Affected
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Revenue Department, Kerala
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Harrisons Malayalam Ltd, RPG Enterprises
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation / violation of the FRA
Nature of Protest
Name(s) of Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation