Chhattisgarh Forest Department Forcefully Evicts 60 Baiga Families from Bhoramdeo Wildlife Sanctuary

Reported by

Asha Verma

Published on

August 12, 2017

August 12, 2017

Updated on

August 12, 2017

Location of Conflict

Rajanacha and Baijadhap villages

Kabirdham

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

Wildlife Sanctuary

)

People Affected by Conflict

288

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2013

State

Chhattisgarh

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

On February 18, 2013, the Chhattisgarh forest department allegedly destroyed 30 huts in Rajanacha and Baijadhap villages, situated in the Bhoramdeo reserve forest in Kawardha district. This displaced 60 families, primarily from the Baiga tribe, identified as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. Acccording to a news report, the department considered the villages a threat to wildlife as they were located near the Bhoramdeo Wildlife Sanctuary. Allegedly, the administration displaced the families without any plans for resettlement and rehabilitation.  The affected families have earlier been displaced multiple times. In two instances, they were ousted for bauxite mining by Vedanta and a tiger corridor. Further, while the forest is the traditional home of this community, there have been no attempts to settle their traditional rights under the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006. Many of the evictions remain undocumented.  When media and activists approached the forest department about the eviction of the 60 Baiga families, the department justified its action by citing the protection of tigers. However, they acknowledged that mining activities and national highways are more threatening to the tiger population than the Baigas.  The evicted families have been living on the fringes of the forest and work as daily wage earners in nearby Vedanta mines and the Kawardha district. They have lost their agricultural land as well as forest produce. They are also restricted from entering the forest, with which they have a codependent relationship.  According to primary sources, the Baigas have demanded titles under the FRA. However, fearing the forest department's actions, they are not protesting actively. But some of them have voiced their demands and concerns to the local media and activists.   Following media reports of the evictions, the National Human Rights Commission took suomoto cognisance of the case and directed the Chhattisgarh chief secretary to submit a report on the matter. According to the media, the Commission observed that the incident, if true, is violative of the human rights of the tribespeople. However, no action has been taken so far to compensate or rehabilitate the affected families. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for compensation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 41 [Special provision for land belonging to those from SC/ST communities- land acquisition needs to be made only as a last resort]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3 [Rights of forest-dwelling Schedule Tribe, including entitlement over land]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(e)(i) [Programmes and projects for social and economic development to be approved by the Gram Sabha]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(v) [Offence of wrongful dispossession of a member of Scheduled Tribe from their land or premises]; Section 3(1)(xv) [Offence of forcing a member of the Scheduled Tribe to leave their house, village or other place of residence]
Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Section 24(2)(b) [Collector can pass an order to acquire land if the owner has agreed to accept compensation]; Chapter IV [Lays down the power of the state government to notify sanctuaries]; Section 27 [Restricts entry into areas notified as wildlife sanctuaries]; Section 28 [Lays down conditions for grant of entry permit into a wildlife sanctuary]
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  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Claims for legal recognition of forest rights were made under the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Thirty huts were razed down displacing 60 families overnight without any prior notice of eviction.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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