High Court Monitors Ongoing Evictions of Ramgarh Dam Encroachments

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 22, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






The Jamwa Ramgarh Dam has been home to various species of fish and aquatic reptiles as well as a water source for the people of Jaipur since 1931. The reservoir shot to international fame in 1982 when it hosted the rowing events of the Asian Games. However, since 2006, the four riversRoda, Banganga, Tala and Madhoveni, which used to be tributaries to the Ramgarh reservoirhave gone dry, along with the reservoir. After the reservoir completely dried up in 2011, the Rajasthan High Court took suo motu cognisance of the matter. It learnt that the dam's catchment area, spread over 700 sq. km., had as many as 405 anicuts and 800 encroachments, ranging from farmhouses to educational institutes, including the National Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS) on the DelhiJaipur highway. The court issued an order in 2012 to remove all encroachments around the dam and cancel land allotments that were made since 1955, the year when the Rajasthan Land Tenancy Act came into force. But of the 800 encroachments, only 20 per cent were removed, according to advocate Virendra Dangi, who was a member of the monitoring committee constituted by the High Court. While the court ordered the demolition of encroachments, a few influential institutions have been challenging its decisions. The lake, meanwhile, has remained dry, leaving the people of a growing Jaipur to struggle to meet their water needs. On November 9, 2017, the Supreme Court imposed a fine of Rs 20 lakh on NIMS and ordered the demolition of illegal constructions in the area. The Rajasthan High Court issued another order on January 31, 2019, asking the state to conduct a survey on the utility of check dams in the state. The High Court has suggested the appointment of a special officer to solve this problem. In July 2019, Rajasthan Water Resources Minister B D Kalla said 636 encroachments have been removed, and a report in compliance to the high court order to remove them from the catchment area of the Ramgarh Dam has been submitted. The Court is monitoring compliance of its orders.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest, Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights, Encroachment of land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court, Supreme Court

Case Number

SB Civil Writ Petition No.11153/2011, Special Leave to Appeal (Civil) Nos. 38040-38041 of 2012

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Rajastan, Jaipur Development Authority, Jaipur Municipal Corporation, Forest Department of Rajastan

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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No Images Available

Documented By

Ashish Gaur

Reviewed By

Ashish Gaur

Updated By

Ashish Gaur

Edited By

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

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