High Court Monitors Ongoing Evictions of Ramgarh Dam Encroachments

Reported by

Ashish Gaur

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

November 10, 2017

November 10, 2017

Updated on

November 10, 2017

Location of Conflict

Ramgarh

Jaipur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

244

ha

Starting Year

2011

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Infrastructure

The Jamwa Ramgarh Dam has been home to various species of fish and aquatic reptiles as well as a water source for the people of Jaipur since 1931. The reservoir shot to international fame in 1982 when it hosted the rowing events of the Asian Games. However, since 2006, the four riversRoda, Banganga, Tala and Madhoveni, which used to be tributaries to the Ramgarh reservoirhave gone dry, along with the reservoir. After the reservoir completely dried up in 2011, the Rajasthan High Court took suo motu cognisance of the matter. It learnt that the dam's catchment area, spread over 700 sq. km., had as many as 405 anicuts and 800 encroachments, ranging from farmhouses to educational institutes, including the National Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS) on the DelhiJaipur highway. The court issued an order in 2012 to remove all encroachments around the dam and cancel land allotments that were made since 1955, the year when the Rajasthan Land Tenancy Act came into force. But of the 800 encroachments, only 20 per cent were removed, according to advocate Virendra Dangi, who was a member of the monitoring committee constituted by the High Court. While the court ordered the demolition of encroachments, a few influential institutions have been challenging its decisions. The lake, meanwhile, has remained dry, leaving the people of a growing Jaipur to struggle to meet their water needs. On November 9, 2017, the Supreme Court imposed a fine of Rs 20 lakh on NIMS and ordered the demolition of illegal constructions in the area. The Rajasthan High Court issued another order on January 31, 2019, asking the state to conduct a survey on the utility of check dams in the state. The High Court has suggested the appointment of a special officer to solve this problem. In July 2019, Rajasthan Water Resources Minister B D Kalla said 636 encroachments have been removed, and a report in compliance to the high court order to remove them from the catchment area of the Ramgarh Dam has been submitted. The Court is monitoring compliance of its orders.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest, Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Rajasthan Tenancy Act, 1955
Section 16 (i) and (xiv) [Khatedari rights shall not accrue in pasture land and land necessary for flow of water thereon into any reservoir for drinking water.]
Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956
Section 91 [Any person who occupies any land without lawful authority may be summarily evicted by the Tehsildar.]
Jaipur Development Authority Act, 1982
Section 54 [JDA has the authority to dispose land that is placed at its disposal]; [Section 72 [The JDA is empowered to remove encroachment upon public land.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court, Supreme Court

Case Number

SB Civil Writ Petition No.11153/2011, Special Leave to Appeal (Civil) Nos. 38040-38041 of 2012

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Rajastan, Jaipur Development Authority, Jaipur Municipal Corporation, Forest Department of Rajastan

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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