HAL Displaced People Demanding to Return their Lying Unused Land in Koraput Odisha

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

December 3, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Defence and Security Establishments



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







In the year 1960, The Government of Odisha had handed over a total of 12,000 acres of land to the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) at Sunabeda, Koraput. Around 5,000 tribal families of at least 22 villages were displaced. While the HAL has been established on 3121.15 acres of land, it has handed over nearly 6,000 acres to various Central institutes, including the Central University of Odisha and the Cobra Batallion. Now the HAL has unused 2918.53 acres of land in its hand. The displaced Tribals under the banner of HAL Displaced Persons Association have been making repeated demands to the district administration and HAL authorities for the overall development of all the 22 affected villages, employment to at least one person of each displaced household, education facilities in peripheral villages, return of land acquired for HAL but lying unused. They even blocked the roads leading to the factory by felling trees in 2012. In September 2014, land losers forcibly ploughed around 50 acres on its premises. Due to their continuous protest, the HAL authorities could not construct boundary wall.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) , The Government of Odisha

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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