In the year 1960, The Government of Odisha had handed over a total of 12,000 acres of land to the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) at Sunabeda, Koraput. Around 5,000 tribal families of at least 22 villages were displaced. While the HAL has been established on 3121.15 acres of land, it has handed over nearly 6,000 acres to various Central institutes, including the Central University of Odisha and the Cobra Batallion. Now the HAL has unused 2918.53 acres of land in its hand.
The displaced Tribals under the banner of HAL Displaced Persons Association have been making repeated demands to the district administration and HAL authorities for the overall development of all the 22 affected villages, employment to at least one person of each displaced household, education facilities in peripheral villages, return of land acquired for HAL but lying unused. They even blocked the roads leading to the factory by felling trees in 2012. In September 2014, land losers forcibly ploughed around 50 acres on its premises. Due to their continuous protest, the HAL authorities could not construct boundary wall.
Type of Land
Private and Common
Type of Common Land
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Land Area Affected
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) , The Government of Odisha
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict: