Villagers displaced by HAL in Odisha Demand Rehabilitation and Return of Unused Land

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Published on

August 31, 2017

August 31, 2017

Updated on

August 31, 2017

Location of Conflict

Sunabeda

Koraput

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Defence and Security Establishments

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

24000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

4856

ha

Starting Year

1960

State

Odisha

Sector

Infrastructure

In the year 1960, The Government of Odisha had handed over a total of 12,000 acres of land to the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) at Sunabeda, Koraput. Total of 10 villages were affected namely, Kaki, Chakarliput, Thalaput, Kadigam, Charangul, Khalpadi, Chulapari, Rajpalama, Bodigam, Chikapar wherein a total of 435 families were displaced and only 138 familes have been rehabilitated. While HAL has been established on 3121.15 acres of land, it has handed over nearly 6,000 acres to various Central institutes, including the Central University of Odisha and the Cobra Batallion, and a private english medium school. Now HAL, has unused 2918.53 acres of land in its hand. The displaced adivasi's under the banner of HAL Displaced Persons Association have been making repeated demands to the district administration and HAL authorities for the overall development of all the affected villages, employment to at least one person of each displaced household, education facilities in peripheral villages and the return of unused land acquired by HAL . They even blocked the roads leading to the factory by felling trees in 2012. In September 2014, land losers forcibly ploughed around 50 acres on its premises. Due to their continuous protest, the HAL authorities could not construct boundary wall. In March 2018, at a one day public hearing organized for those who have been displaced by several projects in Koraput, Malkangiri, Rayagada and Nabarangpur districts, the demand for compensation and rehabilitation was reiterated by the adivasi leader Trilohan Muduli. In an extensive study conducted and published by The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Research and Training Institute in 2020, it was highlighted that 22 villages were displaced by the HAL project despite the government record displaying only 10. Further, the research team discovered that the rehabilitation providedprepared without the consent of those displacedwas inaccessible as it was on the top of a nearby hill devoid of roads for commuting. Worse still, it noted the lack of livelihood opportunities, educational facilities and easy access to basic amenities like drinking water. In May 2021, acting on a petition filed by advocate Radhakanta Tripathy, the National Human Rights Commission directed the Chief Secretary of Odisha to investigate the grievances of individuals displaced and affected by several projects in the Koraput district, including HAL. Mr. Tripathy in his petition requested the NHRC to verify the MoUs signed by HAL and NALCO with the Government of Odisha and determine the real implementation status of Record of Rights, (RoR), rehabilitation and livelihood among others.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for employment

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

4530

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11A [Collector to make the award within a period of two years from the date of publication of the declaration, else entire Acquisition proceedings shall lapse]; Section 16 [Possession may be taken after award has been made by the collector]; Section 39 [Prior consent of appropriate government and execution of agreement necessary for acquisition of land for companies]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 32 [Collector to provide all infrastructural facilities and basic amenities in the resettlement areas]; Section 41(9) [Alienation of land to be deemed null and void due to disregard of regulations]; Section 31[this section enlists the components to be included in the rehabilitation award including mandatory employment for members of affected families]; Section 41 [Special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Scheduled Areas]; Section 24 [Exception for the application of the provisions of the LARR Act, 2013, when there is a lapse of proceedings with respect to land acquired under the 1894 Act]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 4 (2)(d)[Resettlement package to be provided to affected individuals and communities]; Section 4 (2)(e) [Free informed consent of the gram sabha for resettlement and the package in writing];
Andhra Pradesh State Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2005
Para 2 [Objective of the policy to minimise displacement, ensure adequate rehabilitation package, an protect the interest of the weaker sections especially Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes]; Para 5.5 [Administrator to hold consultation with the affected families and to ensure that interests of the adversely affected persons of Scheduled Tribes and weaker sections are protected]; Para 7.21 [This provision enlists the R&R benefits for project affected families belonging to Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes]; Para 7.22 [This provision enlists the amenities and facilities at resettlement areas to be provided to affected persons, including safe drinking water]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i) [Gram Sabha or panchayat to be consulted before resettlement and rehabilitation]
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Para 4 (b)(1) [Objective of policy to recognise the voice of the displaced with emphasis on the needs of the indigenous communities]; Para 8 [Rehabilitation and Resettlement plan to be prepared with due consultation with the displaced communities and other factors to be taken into consideration for it]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

The High Court of Orissa, Cuttack

Case Number

T. Muduli v. Union of India, W.P. (C) 1380/2015; HAL v. State of Odisha, W.P. (C) No. 14804/2017

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Blockades

Protests/marches

Land occupation

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) , The Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Executive Director Office, HAL, 2021- "we are not in a position to give any information regarding the project right now"

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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