Goa Residents Oppose Mega Housing Project Citing Environmental Concerns, Burden on Infrastructure

Reported by

Anamika GodeLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

April 29, 2020

Location of Conflict

Sancoale, Mormugao


South Goa

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







The residents of Sancoale village in Goa are opposing the construction of a mega housing cum commercial project, named Adora De Goa, spread across 20 hectares. The proposed project will offer sea-facing residential homes, retail spaces with high-street coffee shops, restaurants, spa and boutiques. A full-fledged hotel/service apartment is also proposed to be built and operated by The Park Hotels. Construction of the project started in August 2019. In September, hundreds of residents from Cortalim constituency, along with environmental activists, held a peaceful protest rally from Chicalim to Sancoale plateau to oppose the project. The residents have alleged that the land was leased by the original owners, Communidade of Sancoale (an association with collective ownership of land), to agro-chemical firm Zuari for setting up an industry, but the land was fraudulently sold off by Zuari to a real estate company. The people in the village have opposed the project since 2016 citing it an environmental and infrastructure burden, especially with regard to water and electricity. According to the Environmental Impact Assessment, which was granted by the Goa State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority in 2016, the daily requirement of water during the operational phase will be 2,285.33 cubic metres per day, equivalent to the daily water requirement of two to three villages in Goa. The sewage output is expected to be 1,433 cubic metres per day, which will finally trickle down the villages of Sancoale, Chicalim and Dabolim and destroy the wells, ponds and other water bodies. Solid, non-biodegradable waste generated per day from the housing project will be around 2,243 kg. This single project is equivalent to three medium-sized villages in Goa in terms of population affected, water consumption and waste generated… This is against the principle of sustainable development. We do not want such destructive projects on our land which our ancestors have preserved for us, Swapnesh Sherlekar, co-convenor of Goencho Avaaz, told Land Conflict Watch. Goencho Avaaz is a non-political, socio-cultural organisation taking up issues concerning the interests of the Goan people.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Goa Town and Country Planning Department, Goa State Environment Impact Assessment Authority

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Provident Housing Ltd, Puravankara Ltd, Larsen and Toubro, Trinitas Realtors India LLP

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Goencho Awaaz, Goa Foundation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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