Odisha Villagers Face Arrests for Resisting CAMPA Plantations

Reported by

Sanghamitra Dubey

Published on

July 27, 2017

July 27, 2017

Updated on

July 27, 2017

Location of Conflict

Nabarangpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

145

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2014

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

The residents of Hatibadi village in Odisha's Nabarangpur district are facing arrests due to their fight against the plantation carried by the forest department over the land they have claimed under Forest Rights Act (FRA). Tribals in the region are waiting to get their individual forest rights claims approved by the administration, which they had filed two years ago. Community members allege that the forest department has been carrying out plantation activities on their claimed land using the Van Surakshya Samiti (VSS). The community also alleges that the forest department is arresting villagers for resisting the plantation. Villagers say that the total area of the village is not specified in government documents because the demarcation of village land never took place. When Land Conflict Watch got in touch with villagers in September 2021, they informed that the forest department is attempting to reconstitute Vana Samrakshana Samiti (VSS) at the village level, allegedly bypassing FRA. They added that gram sabha members and local sangathans have tried to complain about it verbally, but the forest department continues promoting VSS for implementation of Ama Jangal Yojana.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(f): Forest dwellers have rights over disputed land regardless of the nature of the dispute; Section 3(2) (proviso ii): Clearance for developmental projects is subject to Gram Sabha approval; Section 4(1): All forest rights mentioned in S. 3 of the Act vest in traditional forest dwellers or forest dwelling scheduled tribes; Section 4(5): No member of a forest dwelling Scheduled Tribe or other traditional forest dweller can be evicted or removed from forest land till recognition and verification procedure is completed.
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6: Stipulates the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed and utilised.
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Claims for the recognition of Individual Forest Rights have been filed under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. Tribals in the region are waiting to get their individual forest rights claims approved by the administration, which they had filed two years ago.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Land record discrepancies

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Villagers were arrested by the Forest Department for resisting plantation activities on their land

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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