Forceful land grabbing by Coal based Power Plant in Janjgir-Champa

Reported by

Asha VermaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 6, 2019

Location of Conflict


Janjgir Champa

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






RKM Powergen Pvt. Ltd. a Chennai signed an MoU with CG Government in 2006 for the construction of a 1400 MW power plant in Uchpinda village of Dabhra block in Janjgir district of Chhattisgarh. Soon after the announcement of the power projects, an initial survey was initiated by the government in 200607. The question of power plant came into light when the process of land purchase (indirect acquisition) began in 200708. Villagers opposed the construction of power plant in their land claiming that its fertile and Government should find infertile land for the construction of such plants. Protest marches and dharnas were held by the villagers opposing the project. On 30th April 2008, the collector, tehsildar and other revenue officials organized a public hearing at Uchpinda, in which nearly 4000 people attended and participated. People registered their protest against the industry. Yet the company got the Environmental Impact Assessment clearance from the MoEF in August 08. After clearance, the company started the construction from September 2009, which also led to conflict between the industry and village peoples which was later suppressed by the government machinery. In the current situation, the powerplant is constructed and functioning, while the people are still protesting against the unlawful settlement of their land acquired for the plant and have filed complaints at the district level for the settlement. During the public hearing and later when the Environment clearance was given, the villagers protested in writing to the district administration but were suppressed every time by arresting the villagers

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh Environment Consrvation Board, District Administration,Janjgir Champa

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

RKM Powergen Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Dalit Mukti Morcha (CMM), Chhattisgarh Mahila Jagriti Sanghatan (CMJS)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Asha Verma

Reviewed By

Asha Verma

Updated By

Asha Verma

Edited By

Asha VermaLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now