JOIN THE LCW
COMMUNITY

Exclusive monthly policy briefs, stories from the ground, quarterly analytics report, curated expert talks, merchandise and much more. Support our work!

Sign up today

Dispute between two committees over illegal construction on Dimapur New Market's footpath

Reported by

Emilo Yanthan

Legal Review by

Anmol Gupta

Edited by

Anupa Sagar Kujur

Updated by

Updated by

Published on

June 17, 2024

June 24, 2024

Edited on

June 17, 2024

Sector

Land Use

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-based)

Starting Year

2024

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Households Affected by Conflict

People Affected by Conflict

State

Nagaland

Sector

Land Use

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2024

Location of Conflict

Dimapur

Dimapur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-based)

Land Conflict Summary

An illegal construction of shops at a walkway for pedestrians at New Market in Nagaland's Dimapur has sparked a tussle between two market committees - New Municipal Building Watch Committee (NMBWC) and New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA).

The Business Welfare Committee alleged that the Gaon Bura (village headman) of New Market erected a structure without authorisation, presumably for financial gain. The body claimed that Abdul Kayum Talukdar, was unlawfully spearheading the current developmental project. Talukdar was shot dead by unidentified armed miscreants on 7 June 2024. As of now, the motive behind the murder is unclear and the police have launched a combing operation to apprehend the culprits.

Earlier, several shopkeepers raised grievances with the Business Welfare Committee concerning the illicit activity. Following which, the NMBWC submitted a letter to the Dimapur Municipal Corporation (DMC).

Upon reaching out to DMC administrator, W Manpai Phom, the NMBWC was informed that neither any group nor individuals had been authorised by the DMC to undertake such construction endeavors. After verification, Mughato said that the ongoing construction was illegally constructed by Talukdar.

Despite assurances of a response within two days, the unauthorised construction persisted. NMBWC elaborated that an official from the DMC also visited the site for verification. However it was claimed that the construction continued.  

Meanwhile, the other market committee New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA) stated that the structure in question serves as a temporary market space within the westside complex, intended for vendors. The NMBOA stated that the old building in western side was demolished due to the construction of a new building. Consequently, shopkeepers found themselves displaced, prompting the DMC to issue relocation orders. Several shopkeepers and vendors were relocated however, due to constraints, some shopkeepers and vendors were unable to secure alternate spaces for relocation. The NMBOA took the initiative to establish temporary market stalls to accommodate these vendors.

Although no official directive was received, the NMBOA asserts that a verbal agreement was reached with the SDO (Sub-Divisional Officer) regarding the construction of these temporary stalls. Further, the NMBOA mentioned that despite their request for the NMBWC to procure an administrative order prior to commencing demolition, the NMBWC independently initiated the process. Furthermore, NMBOA claimed that Abdul Kayum Talukdar had no involvement in the construction of the temporary allocation.

The NMBOA claimed that the NMBWC apprehended two workers at the construction site and even seized one mobile phone. Conversely, the NMBWC refuted the allegation, asserting that they did not seize the phone but rather it fell when the workers fled. Upon inquiry, the workers indicated that the phone belonged to the head worker. NMBWC retained possession of the phone with the intention of talking to the headworker when he collects the phone from them.

The administrator of DMC clarified that they received the complaint from NMBWC and to that the administrator claimed that NMBWC was informed that the process would likely require 1-2 days; however, regrettably, the demolition took place the following day. The DMC administrator further conveyed that the issue remains under investigation, and any necessary action will be determined based on the findings.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Government or community-regulated urban commons

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014
Section 3 [Protection of vendors from unlawful relocation or eviction and provision to accommodate them in vending zones]; Section 4 [Issuance of certificate of vending]; Section 6 [Issuance of identity cards]; Section 18 [Relocation of street vendors from no-vending zones with 30 days' notice.]
National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, 2009
Para 4.1.1 [Demarcation of vending zones]; Para 4.2.1 [Issue of ID cards to vendors]; Para 5 [No forceful evictions, minimum 30 days' notice to be provided where relocation is necessary.]
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Killing

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Abdul Kayum Talukdar was shot dead by unidentified armed miscreants on 7 June 2024. As of now, the motive behind the murder is unclear and the police have launched a combing operation to apprehend the culprits.

Date of Violation

June 6, 2024

Location of Violation

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Dimapur Municipal Council, District Administration of Dimapur, Police Department, Dimapur

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

New Market Business Welfare Committee (NMBWC), New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA) 

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Video

An illegal construction of shops at a walkway for pedestrians at New Market in Nagaland's Dimapur has sparked a tussle between two market committees - New Municipal Building Watch Committee (NMBWC) and New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA).

The Business Welfare Committee alleged that the Gaon Bura (village headman) of New Market erected a structure without authorisation, presumably for financial gain. The body claimed that Abdul Kayum Talukdar, was unlawfully spearheading the current developmental project. Talukdar was shot dead by unidentified armed miscreants on 7 June 2024. As of now, the motive behind the murder is unclear and the police have launched a combing operation to apprehend the culprits.

Earlier, several shopkeepers raised grievances with the Business Welfare Committee concerning the illicit activity. Following which, the NMBWC submitted a letter to the Dimapur Municipal Corporation (DMC).

Upon reaching out to DMC administrator, W Manpai Phom, the NMBWC was informed that neither any group nor individuals had been authorised by the DMC to undertake such construction endeavors. After verification, Mughato said that the ongoing construction was illegally constructed by Talukdar.

Despite assurances of a response within two days, the unauthorised construction persisted. NMBWC elaborated that an official from the DMC also visited the site for verification. However it was claimed that the construction continued.  

Meanwhile, the other market committee New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA) stated that the structure in question serves as a temporary market space within the westside complex, intended for vendors. The NMBOA stated that the old building in western side was demolished due to the construction of a new building. Consequently, shopkeepers found themselves displaced, prompting the DMC to issue relocation orders. Several shopkeepers and vendors were relocated however, due to constraints, some shopkeepers and vendors were unable to secure alternate spaces for relocation. The NMBOA took the initiative to establish temporary market stalls to accommodate these vendors.

Although no official directive was received, the NMBOA asserts that a verbal agreement was reached with the SDO (Sub-Divisional Officer) regarding the construction of these temporary stalls. Further, the NMBOA mentioned that despite their request for the NMBWC to procure an administrative order prior to commencing demolition, the NMBWC independently initiated the process. Furthermore, NMBOA claimed that Abdul Kayum Talukdar had no involvement in the construction of the temporary allocation.

The NMBOA claimed that the NMBWC apprehended two workers at the construction site and even seized one mobile phone. Conversely, the NMBWC refuted the allegation, asserting that they did not seize the phone but rather it fell when the workers fled. Upon inquiry, the workers indicated that the phone belonged to the head worker. NMBWC retained possession of the phone with the intention of talking to the headworker when he collects the phone from them.

The administrator of DMC clarified that they received the complaint from NMBWC and to that the administrator claimed that NMBWC was informed that the process would likely require 1-2 days; however, regrettably, the demolition took place the following day. The DMC administrator further conveyed that the issue remains under investigation, and any necessary action will be determined based on the findings.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014
Section 3 [Protection of vendors from unlawful relocation or eviction and provision to accommodate them in vending zones]; Section 4 [Issuance of certificate of vending]; Section 6 [Issuance of identity cards]; Section 18 [Relocation of street vendors from no-vending zones with 30 days' notice.]
National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, 2009
Para 4.1.1 [Demarcation of vending zones]; Para 4.2.1 [Issue of ID cards to vendors]; Para 5 [No forceful evictions, minimum 30 days' notice to be provided where relocation is necessary.]
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Killing

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Abdul Kayum Talukdar was shot dead by unidentified armed miscreants on 7 June 2024. As of now, the motive behind the murder is unclear and the police have launched a combing operation to apprehend the culprits.

Date of Violation

June 6, 2024

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Dimapur Municipal Council, District Administration of Dimapur, Police Department, Dimapur

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

New Market Business Welfare Committee (NMBWC), New Market Business Owners Association (NMBOA) 

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Nagaland

cross
Not a member yet?
Sign up now