70 Years Later, Families Displaced by Dimna Dam in Jharkhand without Compensation, Rehabilitation

Reported by

Alok

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 18, 2017

March 18, 2017

Updated on

March 18, 2017

Location of Conflict

Dimna

East Singhbhum

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Multipurpose Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

3840

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

753

ha

Starting Year

1942

State

Jharkhand

Sector

Infrastructure

Over 2,000 families displaced by Dimna Dam have been demanding rehabilitation and compensation for the last seven decades. The dam was constructed in the 1940s by Tata Steel in collaboration with the state government and displaced people from 12 villages. The affected families formed the Jharkhand Mukti Vahini (JMV) to get compensation for their land that was either inundated by the dam or forcibly taken away by Tata Steel. The JMV claims that between 2010 and 2016, around eight meetings were held with the Tata Steel management to demand compensation and rehabilitation, but no solution could be chalked out. Another contention of the affected families is that the agricultural land on the periphery of Dimna Lake gets flooded during the monsoon every year due to a rise in the water level. So far, the JMV has only got an acknowledgement from Tata Steel that Lalayam and Punsa villagea are also facing the threat of erosion and are, thus, entitled to compensation. Around 5.83 acres of land in both the villages will be acquired for the project. The displaced families have prepared a 13point list of demands, which includes jobs to at least one member of the displaced families, payment of compensation, medical facilities to the displaced and providing basic facilities to the relocated families. Their demands are yet to be fulfilled while the issue of compensation is also pending.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for rehabilitation

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand for employment

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

200

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2): [If the award was made more than five years before the 2013 Act, physical possession of the land is not taken, and compensation is not paid, land acquisition proceedings under the 1894 Act will lapse]; Proviso to Section 24(2): [If an award was made but compensation with respect to a majority of the land holdings was not given, all beneficiaries specified in the acquisition notice are entitled to compensation as per the 2013 Act]; Section 27: [Determination of compensation amount to be paid]; Section 31: [Rehabilitation and resettlement award for each affected family in terms of Schedule II]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11: [Enquiry and award by District Collector]; Section 15 read with Sections 23 and 24: [Matters to be considered and neglected while determining the amount of compensation]; Section 17(3A)(a): [District Collector must tender 80 per cent of compensation for land as estimated by him before taking possession of any land]; Section 31: [District Collector must pay interested persons in terms of the Section 11 award]; Section 34: [When the amount of compensation is not paid or deposited on or before taking possession of the land, the District Collector will pay the amount with interest at the rate of nine per cent per annum from the date of taking possession until it is so deposited]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i): [Consultation with Gram Sabha is mandatory before undertaking any land acquisition or development project]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Delay in compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Tata Steel

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Jharkhand Mukti Vahini

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
X

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Join Now