Fisherfolk Families Living Near Baina Beach in Goa Face Repeated Evictions

Reported by

Nihar Gokhale

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 14, 2017

March 14, 2017

Updated on

March 14, 2017

Location of Conflict

Baina

South Goa

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1920

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1

ha

Starting Year

2004

State

Goa

Sector

Land Use

Baina is a beach near VascodaGama in South Goa, with a colony of approximately 400 houses owned by fisherfolk and migrant workers. These homes have been facing demolition threats since 2015 under various laws. In 2015, 205 families were issued demolition notices under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, for being dangerously close to the sea and for encroaching upon church property. Authorities demolished around 60 houses during the monsoons. Families were moved to a nearby sports centre and evicted from there after a month. The remaining residents got a stay order from the High Court of Bombay at Goa. Earlier, in 2004, around 900 people were evicted from the beach who are still waiting for rehabilitation. In 2016, the Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority (GCZMA) issued demolition orders to 121 houses for falling within the No Development Zone, i.e. within 200 metres of the High Tide Line. The fisherfolk challenged this because the Coastal Regulatory Zone Notification, 2011, under which the demolition was ordered, exempts structures built before 1991. Asserting their right to live there as the notification strives to protect livelihoods of traditional coastal communities, they claimed to have settled there before 1970 and stated that the then Portuguese colonial government allowed fisherfolk to live within 60 metres from the High Tide Line. However, they did not have documentary evidence to prove this as electricity and water connections were issued to them only in 199394. In various cases before the high court, they petitioned that personal hearings should be held. They also demanded setting up of District Coastal Committees, which, by law, have fisherfolk representatives and can certify whether the houses existed before 1991. In September 2016, the high court quashed the GCZMA demolition order and ordered personal hearings to take place. In a later submission, the Goa government said it would form the District Coastal Committees once the new government took office in March 2017. The fisherfolk further alleged that the Disaster Management Act and the coastal zone rules were an excuse for the government's longdrawn "beautification drive" at Baina. In 2003, the government had set up a garden and an auditorium and now aims to clear the fishing settlements. The fisherfolk have been fighting against demolition drives in their personal capacity and also under the umbrella of Baina Ramponkar & Fishing Canoe Owners Society and Goenchea Ramponkarancho Ekvott, a panGoan union of fisherfolk. In 2017, the GCZMA ordered the eviction of 100 more houses from Baina beach. The notices asked them to vacate within five days. The eviction was stayed by a high court order after the residents filed a petition. In 2018, the NGT noted in a petition filed over demolition that Baina beach is a "nodevelopment zone" and, therefore, all structures built on the beach are illegal. Again, in October 2020, the GCZMA issued notices to evict 52 fisherfolk families along the beach. A hearing was held on October 9, where they were asked to bring valid documents to prove their ownership.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
Section 6d: [Residential units of traditional coastal communities, including fisherfolk and tribal people, permissible under the 1991 CRZ Notification shall be regularised]
Disaster Management Act, 2005
Section 22: [State executive committee has the power to take certain actions as the coordinating and monitoring body for management of disasters in the state]
Goa Land (Prohibition on Construction) Act, 1995
Section 4: [This section provides for a restriction on construction on certain lands from the date of commencement of the Act]; Section 6: [Local authorities may remove any unauthorised construction done in violation of Section 4]
Goa, Daman and Diu Town and Country Planning Act, 1974
Section 40: [District Collector may summarily evict any person occupying government land or occupying land to which he is not entitled, after serving notice to such person]; Section 41: [Property left over after person has been summarily evicted is forfeited and may be removed]
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bombay at Goa

Case Number

WP No. 774/2016 (HC); WP No. 295/2015 (HC); App No. 49/2015 (NGT)

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2015, authorities demolished around 60 houses during the monsoons. Families were moved to a nearby sports centre and evicted from there after a month.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Baina

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Goenchea Ramponkarancho Ekvott

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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