On November 1, 2019, the Daman district administration demolished around 90 houses that it alleged were illegally constructed on a 700metre stretch of government land between Lighthouse Road and Jampore beach in Daman. According to a news report, most of the occupants are local fisherfolk who have been living on this land for over 10 years. On November 2, Rakesh Minhas, collector and district magistrate, Daman, announced in a notification that the Government High School of Bhimpore, Nani Daman, and Government High School, Moti Daman, would serve as temporary detention centres till further orders. When LCW called up Sagar Thakkar, tehsildar of Daman, to find out if there was a link between the two, he said, We had served the eviction notice to all occupants staying illegally on the land two months in advance. He, however, did not clarify the reason behind the antiencroachment drive nor shared details about the two schools being turned into prisons. When LCW called him again to establish if there was a link between the two, he did not respond. On November 3, some 70 people were arrested while protesting against the governments decision and eviction. Police resorted to lathicharge and used water cannons to disperse protesters and imposed Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code to prevent large gatherings. On November 4, while addressing a press conference, Minhas announced that the affected families would be provided houses under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Awas Yojna, adding that the cheapest housing loan would be made available to the beneficiaries. The houses that have already been built under the scheme should be given on a priority to those whose houses were demolished, he said.
Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Central/State Government Policy, Land Reform Laws
Goa, Daman and Diu Land Revenue Act, 1968
Section 37: [Collector may summarily remove any encroachment made on land vesting in the Union government]; Section 40: [Collector may summarily evict any person occupying government land or occupying land to which he is not entitled, after serving notice to such person]; Section 41: [Property left over after a person has been summarily evicted is forfeited and may be removed]; Section 184(a): [Collector must serve notice to persons in wrongful possession of land before eviction]; Section 184(c): [Collector may issue warrant for imprisonment in civil jail against person resisting or obstructing their eviction from land that they wrongfully possess]
Pradhan Mantri Jan Awas Yojna 2021-2022
A scheme to provide affordable housing to all urban residents by 2022.
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Arrest/detention/imprisonment, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code.
Reported Details of the Violation:
At least 70 people who were protesting against their eviction from a plot of government-owned land were detained by the Union Territory Administration of Daman and Diu. Police resorted to lathicharge and water cannons to disperse the protesters.
Date of Violation
November 3, 2019
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
People who were evicted