Daman Government Orders Demolition of 90 Houses, Turns Schools into Temporary Jails

Reported by

Varsha TorgalkarLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 20, 2021

Location of Conflict

Nani Daman

Moti Daman

Daman

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

432

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

0

ha

Starting Year

2019

State

Daman and Diu

Sector

Land Use

On November 1, 2019, the Daman district administration demolished around 90 houses that it alleged were illegally constructed on a 700metre stretch of government land between Lighthouse Road and Jampore beach in Daman. According to a news report, most of the occupants are local fisherfolk who have been living on this land for over 10 years. On November 2, Rakesh Minhas, collector and district magistrate, Daman, announced in a notification that the Government High School of Bhimpore, Nani Daman, and Government High School, Moti Daman, would serve as temporary detention centres till further orders. When LCW called up Sagar Thakkar, tehsildar of Daman, to find out if there was a link between the two, he said, We had served the eviction notice to all occupants staying illegally on the land two months in advance. He, however, did not clarify the reason behind the antiencroachment drive nor shared details about the two schools being turned into prisons. When LCW called him again to establish if there was a link between the two, he did not respond. On November 3, some 70 people were arrested while protesting against the governments decision and eviction. Police resorted to lathicharge and used water cannons to disperse protesters and imposed Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code to prevent large gatherings. On November 4, while addressing a press conference, Minhas announced that the affected families would be provided houses under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Awas Yojna, adding that the cheapest housing loan would be made available to the beneficiaries. The houses that have already been built under the scheme should be given on a priority to those whose houses were demolished, he said.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy, Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Goa, Daman and Diu Land Revenue Act, 1968

    Section 37: [Collector may summarily remove any encroachment made on land vesting in the Union government]; Section 40: [Collector may summarily evict any person occupying government land or occupying land to which he is not entitled, after serving notice to such person]; Section 41: [Property left over after a person has been summarily evicted is forfeited and may be removed]; Section 184(a): [Collector must serve notice to persons in wrongful possession of land before eviction]; Section 184(c): [Collector may issue warrant for imprisonment in civil jail against person resisting or obstructing their eviction from land that they wrongfully possess]

  2. Pradhan Mantri Jan Awas Yojna 2021-2022

    A scheme to provide affordable housing to all urban residents by 2022.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Yes

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code.

Reported Details of the Violation:

At least 70 people who were protesting against their eviction from a plot of government-owned land were detained by the Union Territory Administration of Daman and Diu. Police resorted to lathicharge and water cannons to disperse the protesters.

Date of Violation

November 3, 2019

Location of Violation

Moti Daman

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

District collector

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Yes

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Sagar Thakkar, tehsildar of Daman, told LCW, “We had served the eviction notice to all occupants staying illegally on the land two months in advance.” He, however, did not clarify the reason behind the anti-encroachment drive nor shared details about the two schools being turned into prisons.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

People who were evicted

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Varsha Torgalkar

Reviewed By

Varsha Torgalkar

Updated By

Varsha Torgalkar

Edited By

Varsha TorgalkarLand Conflict Watch
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