The Mallanasagar dam, estimated to cost INR 9,800 crore, is set to store 51 thousand million cubic feet of water and irrigate close to 12 lakh acres of land in Telangana. However, the project will have significant impact on 14 villages, eight of which will be completely submerged. The project, requiring about 20,079 acres of land, has run into land acquisition issues for the compensation package it offers. In July 2017, farmers from Vemulghat village were 400 days into a hunger strike, protesting against the construction of the reservoir. Having started in June 2016 when the project was announced, they were persistent in their demand for the implementation of Right to Fair Compensation in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, which would fetch them market rates as against the low rates the government was offering. Earlier in July 2016, the state had briefly imposed Section 144 on the village until the high court ordered its removal in September 2016. In July 2017, five more villages joined the protest demanding that the government first notify them before acquiring lands and then compensate them suitably. This was because the notification for land acquisition was issued in newspapers with the names of farmers without seeking their consent, and no time and space were given to people for filing their objections and opinions. Besides protests and strikes, villagers had also actively filed petitions and memorandums against the government's moves. In 2016, the village residents challenged Government Order 123, which violated the 2013 Land Acquisition Act, which led to the high court ruling in their favour. In January 2018, the court directed the Telangana government to stall the process of land acquisition in Vemulghat village, the only village yet to agree to give up its land. The court ordered the state to attend to their objections before commencing the process of land acquisition. In February 2021, the houses being built for the residents in the rehabilitation and resettlement colony were opened for them to visit and inspect. The construction is not over yet, but the villagers have been asked to vacate to a temporary facility until the work on the houses is completed. They have, however, decided to wait so as to shift directly to their permanent houses. In March 2021, state officials resolved to address the grievances of the oustees, with works on the reservoir nearing completion. To this end, separate counters have been opened at the tahsildar and RDO offices for affected villagers to submit their grievances regarding rehabilitation.
Demand for more compensation than promised, Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for rehabilitation, Refusal to give up land for the project
Forest and Non-Forest
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Controversial land acquisition by the government , Violation of free prior informed consent, Violation of LARR Act, Incorrect estimation of compensation
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court for the State of Telangana
WP 17222/2018,WP 26421/2017, WP 26421/2017, WP 35059/2017, WP 20027/2018
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Hunger strikes, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Revenue Department, Special Land Acquisition Officer, District Collector, Joint Collector
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Megha Engineering and Infrastructures Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of India, Congress Party, Telugu Desam Party, Mallannasagar Mumpu Graamala Porata Samiti, Telangana Rashtra Samithi