JOIN THE LCW
COMMUNITY

Exclusive monthly policy briefs, stories from the ground, quarterly analytics report, curated expert talks, merchandise and much more. Support our work!

Sign up today

Communal clashes erupt over land dispute in Tripura's Raiabari

Reported by

Emilo Yanthan

Legal Review by

Anmol Gupta

Edited by

Anupa Sagar Kujur

Updated by

Published on

May 19, 2024

May 30, 2024

Edited on

May 19, 2024

State

Tripura

Sector

Land Use

People Affected by Conflict

81

Households Affected by Conflict

17

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2023

Location of Conflict

Udaipur

Udaipur Killa

Gomati

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

Land Conflict Summary

A group of 17 minority Muslim families living in Raiabari area of Udaipur sub-division in Tripura have been facing harassment and violence from local residents over a land dispute. Several instances of clashes and violence have been reported in the area over the last two years.

In the latest incident on December 23, 2023, miscreants set one of the houses of a person belonging to the Muslim community on fire, damaging various crops including rubber plantations. Several villagers including a helpless woman were injured in the attack, according to social organisations that submitted a petition to the Director General of Police, urging for the protection and safety of families belonging to the minority community.

Nine social organisations representing the Muslim community jointly claimed that the attackers were trying to evict the minority families through threats and assaults. They further claimed that the miscreants stopped the firefighters from extinguishing the fire and that the police personnel present remained silent and inactive.

The long-standing dispute between persons from the indigenous and the Muslim community is over a parcel of forest land. While the locals have been demanding the land for allotment under the Right to Forest Act, 2006, the Muslim families say they were given rehabilitation in the land by former District Magistrate (undivided district) T K Debnath.

The members of the organisations stated, “Around 17 Muslim families in Madhya Raiabari of Udaipur Killa have been suffering from extreme insecurity for a long time. Since May 2023, brutal attacks through various means have been carried out on them. Even the families were forcefully evicted from their homes and lands in the name of religious differences.” 

The organisations unitedly called for the resolution of the land conflicts and rehabilitation of the affected households either on their current land or by providing alternative settlement options. They also urged for decisive action against those responsible for the attacks.

The Director General of State Police reassured that requisite measures would be implemented. Additionally, he instructed the police authorities to ensure the security and safety of minority families and to prevent any future occurrences of such attacks.

The organisations that represented the Muslim community include the Tripura Minority Development Council, Manipuri Students Youth Coordination Committee, Tripura Tapshili Jati Sangram Parishad, Peoples’ Movement for Tribal Rights, and Tripura Mahila Sangram Parishad.

In September 2022, members of the two groups had clashed over the same land dispute in which 22 people including four policemen were injured. Back then, Congress party's Udaipur district president Soumitra Biswas had said that a decision of the then District Magistrate T K Debnath and forest officials was responsible for the incident as the Muslim people were given rehabilitation in the land, as recommended by Roy Commission. He added that now there was political pressure to evict the rehabilitated people from the land.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Residential area

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a) [Forest rights of forest-dwelling tribes include the right to hold and live in the forestland as recognized.] Section 4(5) [Forest-dwelling tribes may not be removed from occupied forestland before registration and verification process is complete]
Tripura Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act, 1960
Section 14 [Collector may allot land belonging to government for agriculture or construction of dwelling houses]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Torching of houses

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Since May 2023, they have been subjected to brutal attacks through various means. On December 23, 2023, miscreants set fire to houses, causing damage to various crops, including rubber plantations. Numerous villagers, including a helpless woman, sustained injuries during the attack.

Date of Violation

December 22, 2023

Location of Violation

Udaipur Killa

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Police Department, Tripura

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Tripura Minority Development Council, Manipuri Students Youth Coordination Committee, Tripura Tapshili Jati Sangram Parishad, Peoples’ Movement for Tribal Rights, Tripura Mahila Sangram Parishad

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Video

A group of 17 minority Muslim families living in Raiabari area of Udaipur sub-division in Tripura have been facing harassment and violence from local residents over a land dispute. Several instances of clashes and violence have been reported in the area over the last two years.

In the latest incident on December 23, 2023, miscreants set one of the houses of a person belonging to the Muslim community on fire, damaging various crops including rubber plantations. Several villagers including a helpless woman were injured in the attack, according to social organisations that submitted a petition to the Director General of Police, urging for the protection and safety of families belonging to the minority community.

Nine social organisations representing the Muslim community jointly claimed that the attackers were trying to evict the minority families through threats and assaults. They further claimed that the miscreants stopped the firefighters from extinguishing the fire and that the police personnel present remained silent and inactive.

The long-standing dispute between persons from the indigenous and the Muslim community is over a parcel of forest land. While the locals have been demanding the land for allotment under the Right to Forest Act, 2006, the Muslim families say they were given rehabilitation in the land by former District Magistrate (undivided district) T K Debnath.

The members of the organisations stated, “Around 17 Muslim families in Madhya Raiabari of Udaipur Killa have been suffering from extreme insecurity for a long time. Since May 2023, brutal attacks through various means have been carried out on them. Even the families were forcefully evicted from their homes and lands in the name of religious differences.” 

The organisations unitedly called for the resolution of the land conflicts and rehabilitation of the affected households either on their current land or by providing alternative settlement options. They also urged for decisive action against those responsible for the attacks.

The Director General of State Police reassured that requisite measures would be implemented. Additionally, he instructed the police authorities to ensure the security and safety of minority families and to prevent any future occurrences of such attacks.

The organisations that represented the Muslim community include the Tripura Minority Development Council, Manipuri Students Youth Coordination Committee, Tripura Tapshili Jati Sangram Parishad, Peoples’ Movement for Tribal Rights, and Tripura Mahila Sangram Parishad.

In September 2022, members of the two groups had clashed over the same land dispute in which 22 people including four policemen were injured. Back then, Congress party's Udaipur district president Soumitra Biswas had said that a decision of the then District Magistrate T K Debnath and forest officials was responsible for the incident as the Muslim people were given rehabilitation in the land, as recommended by Roy Commission. He added that now there was political pressure to evict the rehabilitated people from the land.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a) [Forest rights of forest-dwelling tribes include the right to hold and live in the forestland as recognized.] Section 4(5) [Forest-dwelling tribes may not be removed from occupied forestland before registration and verification process is complete]
Tripura Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act, 1960
Section 14 [Collector may allot land belonging to government for agriculture or construction of dwelling houses]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Torching of houses

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Since May 2023, they have been subjected to brutal attacks through various means. On December 23, 2023, miscreants set fire to houses, causing damage to various crops, including rubber plantations. Numerous villagers, including a helpless woman, sustained injuries during the attack.

Date of Violation

December 22, 2023

Location of Violation

Udaipur Killa

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Police Department, Tripura

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Tripura Minority Development Council, Manipuri Students Youth Coordination Committee, Tripura Tapshili Jati Sangram Parishad, Peoples’ Movement for Tribal Rights, Tripura Mahila Sangram Parishad

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Tripura

cross
Not a member yet?
Sign up now