Coal Mining threatens Displaced Villagers in Odisha

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 5, 2019

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Coal Mining



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







The Hirakud Dam project is the oldest of its kind in India. This dam was built across the Mahanadi river. This is the first major multipurpose river valley project in postindependent India and also one of its longest. The government had promised all basic amenities to the displaced but these promises have only remained as promises. Since 2013, the displaced families have been claiming their rights over forest under both individual forest rights (IFR) and community forest rights (CFR). Now, they are living in Patrapali village of Jharsuguda. district of Odisha. The conflict started when the administration ignored their claims on the pretext that the land claimed by the villagers under Forest Right Act is reserved for coal mining for Mahanadi Coal field Company. The villagers have strongly objected to this proposal. The affected people have submitted a grievance petition to the Secretary, MoTA in 2015. They have also moved the district collector and the RDC several times over the issue and submitted their grievance petitions.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Mahanadi Coal Field Limited

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

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