The Hirakud Dam project is the oldest of its kind in India. This dam was built across the Mahanadi river. This is the first major multipurpose river valley project in post-independent India and also one of its longest. The government had promised all basic amenities to the displaced but these promises have only remained as promises. Since 2013, the displaced families have been claiming their rights over forest under both individual forest rights (IFR) and community forest rights (CFR). Now, they are living in Patrapali village of Jharsuguda. district of Odisha. The conflict started when the administration ignored their claims on the pretext that the land claimed by the villagers under Forest Right Act is reserved for coal mining for Mahanadi Coal field Company. The villagers have strongly objected to this proposal. The affected people have submitted a grievance petition to the Secretary, MoTA in 2015. They have also moved the district collector and the RDC several times over the issue and submitted their grievance petitions.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Odisha
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Mahanadi Coal Field Limited
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation / violation of the FRA
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?