In June 2019, a group of officials, comprising members of the panchayat and revenue department and two policemen, reached Rainpur village with a JCB to demolish six houses, including one built under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. They demolished the houses without any notice, Hem Singh Markam, who lost his house, told LCW. Another resident informed LCW that while the police was threatening the residents, the officials started the demolition drive, claiming that the land is sarkari zameen (government land) and is meant for a cow shelter. The six houses belonged to people from the Gond tribe and Yadav and Chauhan communities. They say that they have been living and farming on the forestland for more than four generations. They claim to have submitted applications under the Forest Rights Act, 2006, multiple times but said that their applications were not processed and they did not even get acknowledgement receipts for their applications. Earlier too, in 2018, another house and farming land were allegedly destroyed by the authorities. Some of the affected people had filed a police complaint against the sarpanch (head of panchayat). They were not given a copy of the complaint either. After their houses were demolished, the six families lived in makeshift homes with tarpaulin sheets for a year, even during the monsoons. Only recently, they have made mud houses. During the demolition drive, their household goods were also damaged and foodgrains were stolen. Markam informed LCW that one of his family members lost the Transfer Certificate of 10th standard and could not get admission in school in 11th standard. When the families went to the district collectors office to protest, they were given verbal assurance that the houses would be rebuilt and that the administration would send them tarpaulin sheets, medical help and other necessary aid, but the families got no help. Only a nurse came to check on them during the monsoon season, says one of the residents. In the year following the demolition, the families have filed several police complaints and have attended multiple hearings. Our attendance is taken by the lawyer and he gives us a next date for the hearing. Nothing more happens, Markam says. In addition to them, there are currently 75 households that have not received titles for their land. A few months after the demolition, about 100 residents from the same village protested at the Pali block office, demanding receipt of their FRA applications. The block office finally gave them receipts, but their claims are yet to be processed. In October 2020, again about 100 people protested twice in front of the panchayat office, demanding receipt of their FRA applications. After daylong agitations, the authorities finally handed them the receipts.
Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Complaint against procedural violations
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Lack of legal protection over land rights
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Displacement, Judicial harassment
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Revenue department officials, along with the police, allegedly demolished six houses without prior notice. During the demolition drive, their household goods were damaged and foodgrains were stolen.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Revenue department, Police department
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: