The Jammu and Kashmir administration is in the process of acquiring close to 600 acres of land for the 62kilometre Srinagar Semi Ring Road highway connecting Pulwama and Ganderbal via Budgam. The ring road will pass through Pampore, Wathoora, Budgam, Dharmuna and Narbal in Srinagars western outskirts in Rambir Garh and enter Ganderbal after crossing the SrinagarBandipora road. In districts like Pulwama and Srinagar, the authorities could quickly complete the land acquisition proceedings for the project as the affected farmers were not high in number. But farmers in Budgam are not happy with the compensation offered by the government. They have organised themselves under the banner of Ring Road Land Owners Welfare Committee and have been demanding fair compensation since 2017 onwards, when the project was announced. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 19, 2018, in Srinagar. The entire stretch of the ring road will be constructed on fertile agricultural land. Budgam district alone will lose more than 400 acres** **of its farmland. The government had issued a notification for land acquisition in 2017. At that time, the Central Land Acquisition Act of 2013 was not applicable in the state. Hence, the notice was issued under the erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir Land Acquisition Act of 1934. However, after the abrogation of Article 370, the famers in Budgam are demanding compensation under the LARR Act, which was extended to Jammu and Kashmir after the dilution of its special status. Under this Act, the land owners are entitled to more compensation than they were under the 1934 law. In August 2019, 36 land owners from Budgam approached the Jammu and Kashmir high court and requested for fresh land acquisition proceedings. They petitioned that during the pendency of proceedings, the status of Jammu and Kashmir had changed from a state to a Union Territory, which makes them entitled to compensation under the LARR Act. District Development Commissioner, Budgam, Tariq Hussain Ganaie told LCW that they are looking into the land acquisition cases in Budgam district. "We have also recently chaired a meeting of officers to review the progress of the ring road project in the district." According to the detailed project report, the ring road will be completed in two phases: Phase I will cost INR 1,195 crore and Phase II will cost INR 448 crore.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for more compensation than promised
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Collector (land acquistion), Budgam; Assistant Accounts General (Revenue); National Highways Authority of India
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Acquisition Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Use of old/outdated laws , Incorrect estimation of compensation
Name(s) of Court(s)
High Court of Jammu and Kashmir
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?