Boundary Wall Becomes Bone of Contention Between Temple Authorities, Villagers in Rajasthan

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 29, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

Construction of boundary wall around temple premises



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year





Land Use

The residents of Silor village in Rajasthan's Bundi district are in conflict with Adishwar Jain temple over access to a common road. According to the Silor Gram Panchayat (Village Council), the temple administration is trying to construct a boundary wall along its premises, which will block a common pathway leading to the government school and the Charbhuja Nath temple in the village. Kusumlata Kushwah, the sarpanch of Silor Village Council told Land Conflict Watch that the dispute started in 2011 when the temple board first wanted to build a wall. She claimed that the land for the common path belongs to the Village Council and not the temple administration. Kushwah said that the residents and the temple administration had reached a consensus that no wall would be built. Nearly 4,000 villagers will be affected if the boundary wall is constructed, she said. Villagers allege in March 2019 the temple constructed the boundary wall, blocking the road. On March 6, the villagers got into an altercation with temple authorities and pelted stones at each other, in which six persons were injured. Later, a cross FIR was registered by both the parties at the Sadar police station. Sadar police incharge Amar Singh told Land Conflict Watch that the villagers had demolished the boundary wall and pelted stones, following which the Jain community in the village lodged an FIR with the police. A case was registered against eight people. The villagers also filed an FIR against the temple administration for stone pelting. Police had to deploy additional force in the area to avoid communal clashes. Later, senior police officials tried to defuse the tension by holding talks with both the sides to reach an agreement. According to tehsildar Bharat Singh Rathore, the district administration has directed both the parties to maintain status quo on the common path.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for better access to common land/resources, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Case Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Rules, 1996

    Rule 165: This rule empowers the Panchayat to remove encroachments on Abadi (common) land once an instance of trespass is detected

  2. Jagpal Singh and Ors. v. State of Punjab and Ors. (Supreme Court of India in Civil Appeal No.1132 /2011)

    The Court held that encroachment of common land vested in the Panchayat was a blatant illegality, which must not be condoned.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute


What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack

Whether criminal law was used against protestors


Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

On March 6, 2019, the villagers and the temple administration had a dispute over the construction of a boundary wall along the temple's premises. The next morning, both the parties got into an altercation and pelted stones at each other. Six people sustained injuries in the stone pelting.

Date of Violation

March 7, 2019

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Stone pelting

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Rajasthan Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Sadar, police in-charge Amar Singh He said the villagers had demolished the boundary wall and pelted stones, following which the Jain community in the village lodged an FIR with the police.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Local villagers

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Ashish Gaur

Reviewed By

Ashish Gaur

Updated By

Ashish Gaur

Edited By

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now