Zarkawt, Chanmari Residents in Mizoram's Aizawl Claim Territorial Right over Educational Zone

Reported by

LalrinawmiLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

May 21, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Territorial right over educational zone



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Land Use

Zarkawt and Chanmari are two business hotspots in the central area of Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram. Since September 2019, these two areas have been at the centre of a land dispute. Community leaders and residents of Chanmari had put a welcome signboard that read, Chanmari Veng i lo thleng ta (You are now in Chanmari). The board was put up in a zone that houses several important educational buildings, such as the Department of Higher and Technical Education and Directorate of School Education as well as some of the most prestigious schools in the state, such as Home Missions School and Govt. Mizo Higher Secondary School, the oldest and biggest educational institution in the state. This signboard was removed instantly, without causing any uproar, by the people of Zarkawt, who claimed that the area belonged to them. On September 21, 2019, representatives from the Chanmari local council and the Young Mizo Association, accompanied with many youths, set out to restore the signboard. Again, the residents of Zarkawt opposed the move, causing commotion. As people began to shout and shove each other, the police had to be called in to prevent the tension from escalating. The signboard is yet to be put up. In August 2020, Chanmari community leaders were planning to use the Govt. Mizo Higher Secondary School to hold the local council election, but the people of Zarkawt opposed as the building was located in a disputed area. The election was finally held with the agreement that the Chanmari community will mention only the building (school) name in all its information outlets since it was still undecided whether the building belongs to Chanmari or Zarkawt. Ruatdiki Hmar, section treasurer of Zarkawt Young Mizo Association, told LCW that the Aizawl Municipal Council is still working on the issue and is yet to reach a conclusion. According to him, it is proving to be a challenge to the authorities as schools, business and private buildings are crammed together asymmetrically.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict


Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Development of a network or collective action

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Aizawl Municipal Council

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

LCW approached the revenue department, but the concerned official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said the department is not involved in the conflict in any way.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Young Mizo Association

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By


Reviewed By


Updated By


Edited By

LalrinawmiLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now