Violence in Gujarat over Dalit land issues

Location of Conflict



Region Classification

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-Based Conflict



Type of Land


Type of Common Land




Land Use

Starting Year


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by Conflict


Investment Affected (in Crores)

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Bhanubhai Vankar, a 61yearold Dalit activist died on 16th February 2018, a day after setting himself ablaze outside the collectors office in Patan. Hailing from Unjha town of Mehsana district, Vankar was fighting for the land rights of two Dalit laborers who alleged that authorities were refusing to regularize the 18acre land allotment despite collecting Rs 22,236 from them in 2013 for the transfer. Vankar's death triggered protests in various parts of Gujarat including Patan, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Junagadh, Banaskantha, and Surendranagar.Bhanubhais family refused to take his body until their demands were fulfilled, including allotment of land, action against the guilty officials and formation of a special investigation team to probe his death. Another Dalit, Kailashben, a resident of Panchasar village in Patan district tried to commit suicide by immolating herself on 18th February 2018 as a mark of protest over the land rights issue. She is currently undergoing treatment for her burn injuries. The Gujarat Government announced that the ownership title of the land would be given to the two Dalits for whom Vankar was fighting on the evening of 17th February 2018. Jignesh Mevani, independent legislator and other Dalit members, however, continued their protest saying that they wanted a written directive from the state government to fulfill the land right demands of Dalits. Apart from Mevani, Patel Anamat Andolan Samiti leader Hardik Patel, Congress MLA Alpesh Thakor and Congress Leader of Opposition Paresh Dhanani came together on Saturday to support the Vankar family.

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Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Government

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Resources Related to Conflict

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