Villagers Protest Against Shale Gas Exploration in Andhra Pradesh

Reported by

Rahul Maganti

Published on

May 5, 2017

May 5, 2017

Updated on

May 5, 2017

Location of Conflict

Modugumudi, Putlacheruvu Panchayat

Krishna

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Petroleum and Gas

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

60

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

3

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Industry

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) is exploring the possibilities of extracting shale gas from the Krishna Godavari Delta.This region is considered as the rice bowl of South India, is facing major ecological challenges, which may threaten its very survival. It has chosen five sites in the region for setting up exploratory wells. While three of them are in West and East Godavari districts, the rest lie in Krishna District. This comes at a time when the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has come up with a policy brief about Shale Gas, in a bid to meet the supply demand gap of energy and thereby avert an impending crisis.7 acres of land is taken for lease by ONGC in 2015 paying 53000 per acre per year. The construction started in April 2015 while the public hearing was held in November 2016 and it is yet to get clearance from MoEF. This discrepancy has been challenged in the court. The villagers say that, this is three time crop and they are fearing the pollution of their ecology as well as their lands and water, as fracking involves sending lakhs of liters of water into the underground to break the rocks, which releases the trapped gas in them. Shale Gas extraction involves sending huge amount of water coupled with chemicals and sand to depths of up to 4000 meters under high pressure. This process is called Hydro Fracking or Fracking. The high pressure creates fissures in the rocks and releases the trapped shale gas from the rock formations. For Krishna Godavari Basin, which already has a recorded evidence of land subsidence due to the existing 65 hydrocarbon fields in the region, the exploration of shale gas is only making the environmental disaster even more acute. Around 80 per cent of the mixture remains underground and the remaining 20 per cent rises to the surface which is not disposed off safely, says retired professor and geologist Krishna Rao, who was part of field surveys and studies recording the land subsidence in the region. Environmentalists, including Rao, claim that many different chemical products, some of which are toxic, are injected, along with several million gallons of fresh water, into each of the wells. Fracking was first tried in the United States in the 1940s. From being an importer of Liquid Natural Gas, United States is now selfsufficient and is even planning to export. However, this has come with a significant environmental cost. Experience from US has taught that the leakage of the toxic chemicals has contaminated aquifers, which are the sources of drinking water. Fracking has been banned by many countries in Europe and also by many states in the United States, owing to proven scientific studies and records of pollution of air, water and other community resources in the vicinity.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Andhra Pradesh, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of india , Human Rights Forum

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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