Sundarbans natural resource Conflict

Reported by

Eleonora Fanari

Published on

October 26, 2016

October 26, 2016

Updated on

October 26, 2016

Location of Conflict

Gosaba Island

South 24 Parganas

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

8153

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

1985

State

West Bengal

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

Sundarbans, located at the southern fringe of the state of West Bengal, is a mangrovedominated delta ecosystem. This area has been recognized as a tiger reserve and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Time and again, the state government has taken initiatives to develop the Sundarban region, arguing in favour of the economic development and poverty reduction. The proposal of a nuclear power plant and development of a mega tourism project in Sundarbans have been protested by the local population and urban dwellers of Kolkata. Residents have also been fighting against the forest department for their rights on natural resources, but in vain. The major conflicts are around fishing activities and honey collection, traditional occupations that are not permitted anymore, leaving people in a state of poverty. A Public Hearing was held in January 2016 in Sunderban to highlight the condition of the forest dependent fishing and minor forest produce gathering community of Sunderban region. Forest dependent people of Sunderban alleged, before the jury including leading legal minds, social activists and academics, that the forest department was torturing them for extracting honey and other resources from the park.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

sexual assault, torture, fake charges, rights to decent standard of living, labour rights, victimisation, women violence, bonded labour, illegal arrest, illegal detention.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department , Police Force

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Fishing Companies

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

All India Union of Forest working People (AIUFWP), Sundarban Jana Sramajibi Manch

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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