Sholo Bigha slum dwellers demand land titles

Reported by

Mitali BiswasLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 6, 2019

Location of Conflict



South 24 Parganas

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)




West Bengal



About 2000 families have been living in the Sholo Bigha slum of Maheshtala in South 24 Parganas district. They have migrated here from various areas of the state. Some part of this slum located on 300 bigha land, is in the name of people who have passed away. Since 1999, this slum has been engulfed in flames at least five times. According to Idrish Ali, the secretary of the Sholo Bigha Bustee Unnoyon Samity or Sholo Bigha Slum Improvement Association, all the residents of the slum have been paying rent to the local mafia to live here. After the fire of 2013, an FIR was lodged against Maheshtala Municipality chairman Dulal Das. Residents of the slum had alleged that it was a deliberate act of arson by the government to occupy slum's land for promoting business. There is no water or legal electricity connection in the slum. The residents don't have any identity proof like ration cards. Idrish Ali had filed a case in Kolkata High Court in 2004 to enquire about the ownership of the land. The court in its verdict on 15th July 2006 ordered Thakurpukur Land Revenue Office to resolve the issue by hearing the case within eight months. The then Government of West Bengal and its Land Revenue minister were among the parties in the case. The settlement records of the year 2000 revealed that the owners of the contested land were Rahamatullah Ostagir, Kartik Kumar Chakraborty, Nihar Ranjan Basu, Ichhan Mollah, Bodhisatwa Das and Basanta Kumar Ray. These owners have died. Idrish Ali has filed another case this year asking that the residents should be given land ownership or land titles. Meanwhile, the state government is constructing affordable houses for the slum dwellers. In the first phase, the government offered housing to 334 families of slum in exchange of Rs 54,000 for a flat. However, residents say that they cannot go because they don't have that amount of money.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Promoter, and local Trinomool congress party

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Trinamool congress leaders

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict: