Residents Protest Against the Beach Sand Mining in Alapuzzha

Reported by

Stella James

Published on

July 13, 2017

July 13, 2017

Updated on

July 13, 2017

Location of Conflict

Thottapalli

Alappuzha

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Sand Mining

Sand Mining

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

30000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

3913

ha

Starting Year

2003

State

Kerala

Sector

Mining

Kerala Rare Earth and Minerals Ltd. is a joint venture company that has been mining sand near the harbor areas in Valiyazhikkal and Thottapilly areas of Alappuzha district in Kerala. Very little information seems to be available publicly on the project, although sand mining has been a matter of contention in Kerala due to the presence of several rare minerals in beach sand in certain districts. According to a member of Green Roots, an environmental organization based in Alappuzzha, protests were intensified in 2013 after the realization that the mining was not stopping, and residents began to realize the full implications of the mining. Environmental impact assessment or public consultation has not been done for the project. Local sources allege that the communities were told that the project is an expansion of existing harbor. Most of the protest was from local residents, especially fishermen and supported by other Keralabased people's and environmental organizations. In 2016, residents and local environmental organizations further intensified protests and cordoned the area in an attempt to stop mining equipment and vehicles from entering. The mining stopped in June 2017, presumably due to the expiry of license, and protests were stopped, but locals are worried that operations may resume if their license is renewed.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

400

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Enforcement and Monitoring Guidelines for Sand Mining dated January 2020
Provision 4.1: Requires the preparation of District Survey Reports (DSR) which is supposed to include 'identifying measures for protection of environment and ecology'; Provision 4.1.1 (c): Creating 'mining' and 'no mining' zones keeping in mind things like ecology and habitation
Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
Section 4A: authorizes the government to terminate a lease where the government is of opinion that it is in the interest of "preservation of natural environment, control of floods" to terminate the same
Kerala Minerals (Prevention of Illegal Mining, Storage and Transportation) Rules, 2015
Section 3: Prohibition on mining except with a license under the The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Kerala Rare Earths and Minerals Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Janakeeya Prathirodh Samiti (People's Resistance Committee), Green Roots (environmental NGO in the area)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Edited By

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