Residents Protest Against the Beach Sand Mining in Alapuzzha

Reported by

Stella JamesLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

December 3, 2019

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Sand Mining

Sand Mining



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







Kerala Rare Earth and Minerals Ltd. is a joint venture company that has been mining sand near the harbor areas in Valiyazhikkal and Thottapilly areas of Alappuzha district in Kerala. Very little information seems to be available publicly on the project, although sand mining has been a matter of contention in Kerala due to the presence of several rare minerals in beach sand in certain districts. According to a member of Green Roots, an environmental organization based in Alappuzzha, protests were intensified in 2013 after the realization that the mining was not stopping, and residents began to realize the full implications of the mining. Environmental impact assessment or public consultation has not been done for the project. Local sources allege that the communities were told that the project is an expansion of existing harbor. Most of the protest was from local residents, especially fishermen and supported by other Keralabased people's and environmental organizations. In 2016, residents and local environmental organizations further intensified protests and cordoned the area in an attempt to stop mining equipment and vehicles from entering. The mining stopped in June 2017, presumably due to the expiry of license, and protests were stopped, but locals are worried that operations may resume if their license is renewed.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Janakeeya Prathirodh Samiti (People's Resistance Committee), Green Roots (environmental NGO in the area)

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Kerala Rare Earths and Minerals Limited

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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