At least 52 families of the Kutia Kondh community, a particularly vulnerable tribal group, in Odishas Kandhamal district got titles over 50 hectares (ha) of forestland in 201213 under the Forest Rights Act (FRA). They have been cultivating tubers, fruit, millets and other indigenous crops on the land for the past several generations. The conflict started when the forest department carried out massive teak plantations on their cultivated land without any consent. The plantations are being carried out under schemes such as the Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (externally aided project supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency), plantations for compensatory afforestation using Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds and plantations using Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act funds. In a gram sabha meeting in September 2015, the villagers passed a resolution against the plantations, resolving that the forced plantations will have adverse impact on the rights and livelihood of the forest dwellers and biodiversity. The villagers sent their grievances to various government authorities, including the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), following which the NHRC visited the area and submitted its report to the government. The report confirmed that the plantations were being carried out on the land on which tribal rights were recognized under FRA. The forest department, however, claimed the plantations were taken up with the help of Vana Samrakhshan Samity (a joint committee of forest department and village residents), after "thorough discussion with the villagers" and there was no case of forcible plantation. But villagers insist that this is a clear violation of their rights under FRA. Despite the protest by the villagers, the forest department is continuing the plantation.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Type of Land
Type of Common Land
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation violation of the FRA
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Department, Odisha
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Odisha- based Vasundhara, Maharashtra-based Vrikshamitra and Kalpavriksh, Jharkhand Jungle Bachao Andolan
Resources Related to Conflict
News Articles Related to the Conflict:
Documents Related to the Conflict:
Links Related to the Conflict: