Plantation on tribal land without consent

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

December 3, 2019

Location of Conflict



This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

At least 52 families of the Kutia Kondh community, a particularly vulnerable tribal group, in Odishas Kandhamal district got titles over 50 hectares (ha) of forestland in 201213 under the Forest Rights Act (FRA). They have been cultivating tubers, fruit, millets and other indigenous crops on the land for the past several generations. The conflict started when the forest department carried out massive teak plantations on their cultivated land without any consent. The plantations are being carried out under schemes such as the Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (externally aided project supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency), plantations for compensatory afforestation using Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds and plantations using Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act funds. In a gram sabha meeting in September 2015, the villagers passed a resolution against the plantations, resolving that the forced plantations will have adverse impact on the rights and livelihood of the forest dwellers and biodiversity. The villagers sent their grievances to various government authorities, including the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), following which the NHRC visited the area and submitted its report to the government. The report confirmed that the plantations were being carried out on the land on which tribal rights were recognized under FRA. The forest department, however, claimed the plantations were taken up with the help of Vana Samrakhshan Samity (a joint committee of forest department and village residents), after "thorough discussion with the villagers" and there was no case of forcible plantation. But villagers insist that this is a clear violation of their rights under FRA. Despite the protest by the villagers, the forest department is continuing the plantation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation violation of the FRA

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha- based Vasundhara, Maharashtra-based Vrikshamitra and Kalpavriksh, Jharkhand Jungle Bachao Andolan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Reviewed By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Updated By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Edited By

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

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