Plantation on tribal land without consent

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Published on

January 5, 2017

January 5, 2017

Updated on

January 5, 2017

Location of Conflict

Burlubaru

Kandhamal

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

250

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

50

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

At least 52 families of the Kutia Kondh community, a particularly vulnerable tribal group, in Odishas Kandhamal district got titles over 50 hectares (ha) of forestland in 201213 under the Forest Rights Act (FRA). They have been cultivating tubers, fruit, millets and other indigenous crops on the land for the past several generations. The conflict started when the forest department carried out massive teak plantations on their cultivated land without any consent. The plantations are being carried out under schemes such as the Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (externally aided project supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency), plantations for compensatory afforestation using Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds and plantations using Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act funds. In a gram sabha meeting in September 2015, the villagers passed a resolution against the plantations, resolving that the forced plantations will have adverse impact on the rights and livelihood of the forest dwellers and biodiversity. The villagers sent their grievances to various government authorities, including the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), following which the NHRC visited the area and submitted its report to the government. The report confirmed that the plantations were being carried out on the land on which tribal rights were recognized under FRA. The forest department, however, claimed the plantations were taken up with the help of Vana Samrakhshan Samity (a joint committee of forest department and village residents), after "thorough discussion with the villagers" and there was no case of forcible plantation. But villagers insist that this is a clear violation of their rights under FRA. Despite the protest by the villagers, the forest department is continuing the plantation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 2(h) [Definition of habitat to include customary habitat in reserved or protected forests of primitive tribal groups], Section 3(e) [Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes to include community tenures of habitat for primitive tribal groups]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Rules, 2007
Rule 12B [District level committee to ensure that Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups to receive habitat rights]
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6 [Provides the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed]
Development Challenges Specific to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups - Recommendations of National Advisory Council dated 26 June 2013
Point II – Paras 3.1-3.7 [Recommended that rights, especially land and customary habitat rights, of PVTGS must be respected], Paras 4.1-4.6 [Recommended that implementation of FRA and PESA vis-à-vis PVTGs must be rigorously monitored], and Paras 5.1-5.3 [Recommended that after assessment of displaced PVTGs due to development projects, compensation/ rehabilitation for the same be carried out].
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

At least 52 families in Burlubaru village in Odisha's Kandhamal district have received titles over 50 hectares of forestland under the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Odisha- based Vasundhara, Maharashtra-based Vrikshamitra and Kalpavriksh, Jharkhand Jungle Bachao Andolan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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