Dalits in Andhra Pradesh Fight Upper-Caste Farmers to Regain Control over Land

Reported by

Rahul Maganti

Published on

January 12, 2017

January 12, 2017

Updated on

January 12, 2017

Location of Conflict

Ilaparru

Krishna

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-based Conflict

Assigned land of Dalits encroached by upper castes

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

662

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

67

ha

Starting Year

1995

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Land Use

In 1921, the colonial administration had assigned 165 acres of land to 138 Dalit families from Illaparru village of Nandivada mandal in Krishna district. These families cultivated paddy on the land till 1995. Later in the decade, with the rise of aquaculture, most of the dominantcaste farmers converted their agricultural farms into aqua farms. Gradually, the uppercaste farmers started encroaching on the agricultural land of the Dalits, who allege that farmers from the dominant caste have used all methods from forcibly getting fingerprints on blank paper to threatening them to part with their lands at throwaway prices to acquire their land. The Dalits have been protesting against this encroachment. In 2017, more than 100 of them sat on a hunger strike for 143 days, fighting to regain control of the land that was assigned to them during the colonial rule. The protesters, including women, were dragged, beaten and arrested. Around 400 policemen and 24 police pickets guarded the roads to foil the protests. The Dalit farmers also organised _dharnas _and submitted petitions and memorandums under the leadership of the All India Agricultural Workers' Union, Kula Vivaksha Vyatireka Porata Sangham and the Communist Party of India (Marxist). On February 18, 2020, LCW tried to get in touch with the CPI (M) to find the status of the conflict. The party did not respond.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Ceiling Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3 (1) (iv) [Wrongful occupation of land owned by or allotted to ST or SC member, by non ST or non SC person is a punishable offence]; Section 3 (1) (v) [ wrongful dispossession of land or premises from ST or SC persons or interference in their enjoyment of such land by a non ST/SC person is a punishable offence]
Andhra Pradesh Assigned Lands (Prohibition of Transfers) Act, 1977
Section 3 [No person shall acquire any assigned land by any means]; Section 4 (1) (ii) [The land so acquired in contravention to section 3 shall be restored subject to the condition that he or she is landless poor person as on the date of restoration for one time]
Andhra Pradesh Agricultural Lands (Prohibition of Alienation) Act, 1972
Andhra Pradesh (Telangana Area) Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1950
Andhra Pradesh Gram Panchayat (Protection of Property) Rules, 2011
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Andhra Pradesh High Court- Amaravati

Case Number

W.P. No.11280 of 2020

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Physical attack

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

More than 100 Dalits, most of them women, were dragged, beaten and arrested when they tried to take possession of 165 aces of ‘contested land’.

Date of Violation

February 6, 2017

Location of Violation

Ilaparru village, Krishna district

Nature of Protest

Hunger strike

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Andhra Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist), All India Agricultural Workers' Union, Kula Vivaksha Vyatireka Porata Sangham

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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