Lack of land for Lion Habitat

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)






Conservation and Forestry

As per the 2015 census, there were 523 lions in and around the Gir sanctuary. Unfortunately, though the total population of Asiatic lions increased from 359 in 2005 to 523 in 2015, no new protected habitat was approved by the State government since 2008. According to the CAG report, the number of lions outside the protected area in 2011 was 108, which increased to 167 in 2015. The Gir Protected Area includes the Gir, Girnar, Paniya and Mitiyala sanctuaries and the Gir National Park. To provide a safe corridor for the lions moving out of the Gir Protected Area, the Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) had proposed a new sanctuary spread over 30,000 hectares in Amreli and Bhavnagar districts in 2005. Later, the plan was revised, and the new region was proposed to be a conservation reserve (CR) spread across 10,953 hectares. According to the CAG report, the Revenue Department had not transferred 4,800 hectares of wasteland to the Forest Department for setting up the conservation reserve. Wildlife activist Faiyaz A Khudsar had filed a PIL in the SC in 2006 seeking translocation of lions from Gir to Madhya Pradesh. The Gujarat government has refused to translocate some of them to Madhya Pradesh despite a Supreme Court order of April 2013. There is absence of sufficient prey base in the forest area, forcing the lions to attack livestock for food. Advocate Hemang Shah filed a PIL on the unnatural lion deaths in January 2018. In Gujarat, the total area of 28 Protected Areas that includes wildlife sanctuary, national park and conservation reserves is 17,099.93 sq km. Out of this only 4,640.58 sq km is forest land, the remaining is nonforest ecosystems.

Region Classification

Type of Land

Private and Common

Type of Common Land

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Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Gujarat Forest Department

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Resources Related to Conflict

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