Kawoimari Land Conflict

Reported by

Abdul Kalam Azad

Published on

January 4, 2017

January 4, 2017

Updated on

January 4, 2017

Location of Conflict

Kawoimari ReserveSarthebari

Barpeta

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Natural Calamities

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

9600

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2750

ha

Starting Year

1980

State

Assam

Sector

Land Use

In 197071, the then chief minister of Assam Mahendra Mohan Choudhury handed over 15,000 bighas of land to landless farmers, cattle herders and erosioninduceddisplaced people and almost 1,000 bighas of land to 109 educated unemployed people in Kawoimari forest. These lands were distributed among both Assamese Hindus and Assamese Muslims of Bengal origin. Over time these areas developed into villages with amenities and institutions like schools, irrigation schemes, electricity, houses built under the Indira Awas Yojana, paved roads etc. During the sixyearlong Assam Agitation beginning in 1979, a feeling of discord developed between these two categories (belonging to the two communities) and events of riots like setting houses ablaze occurred in Kawoimari. On the 22nd of December 2016, a public meeting was organized by "Prabajan Birodhi Mancha" (AntiImmigrant Forum), a local organization that has been pressurizing the government to launch evictions of Muslims of Bengal origin from the government land including the flooderosioninduced internally displaced people (IDPs) settled by the previous governments. The demand for eviction of Assamese Muslims from this land was vociferously championed at the meeting that was attended by a number of leaders of the All Assam Students' Union (AASU). The AASU leadership also alleged that the people living in the disputed land are of doubtful origin. Whereas the local wing of the All Assam Minority Students' Union (AAMSU) has strongly opposed the AASU "rhetoric", saying that the idea of encroachment in Kawoimari is "entirely fictional." Although these people have been allotted land, they have not been given permanent land pattas (titles) despite the fact that they have lived over that land for almost 45 years and have paid land revenue. Considering the current political scenario, more than 2000 families of the disputed area are living under constant threat of forced eviction any time. So far Assam government has conducted eviction operations in many places across the state.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

In the violence of 1980, houses were burnt down. In current conflict, the landless farmers who were re-settled by previous government are labelled as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Department of Revenue, Government of Assam

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

All Assam Minority Students' Union

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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