Gopalpur SEZ

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Published on

October 14, 2016

October 14, 2016

Updated on

October 14, 2016

Location of Conflict

Gopalpur

Ganjam

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

4733

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1202

ha

Starting Year

1996

State

Odisha

Sector

Infrastructure

Gopalpur has been in the news for the last 20 years because of a conflict between Tata Steel and local farmers, initially over the establishment of an integrated steel plant and now on the issue of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) on the same land. The Tatas had almost abandoned the land for a long period when their steel project did not materialize because of local resistance. The government acquired the land by applying emergency clause of Land Acquisition Act in 1997-98. The conflict reached its peak in 1996-97, resulting in large-scale arrests and assaults. Tata kept in its captivity about 3,000 acres of fertile agricultural land even after abandoning the steel project. Tata Steel is planning to invest up to Rs 20,000 crore in heavy industries over the next five years for the SEZ. The new SEZ project led to a new resistance movement under Gopalpur Tata Steel Project Affected Framer's Front. Farmers who had lost 3000 acres of land to Tata and those who had got meager compensation and the ones who got casual employment but later were thrown out of work are now resisting the SEZ project.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

20000

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4 [Whenever land in a locality is needed for a company, a notification to that effect shall be published and a public notice shall be issued]; Section 12 [After a notification under Section 4 has been issued, the Collector shall make an award containing the compensation which in his opinion must be allowed]; Section 16 [The Collector shall take possession of the land, free from all encumbrances, after an award under Section 11 has been made]; Section 18(1) [If there is a dispute regarding the amount of compensation due, any interested person may approach the court]
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Section 9 [Preference should be given to the members of the displaced families in the matter of employment]
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
Section 3(2) [Any person intending to set up a SEZ may make a proposal to the State Government after identifying the area for the project]; Section 5(1)(d) [While notifying a Special Economic Zone, the Central Government shall be guided by the need for creation of employment opportunities];
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Yes

Reported Details of the Violation:

.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Industrial Development corporation , Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

TATA Steel

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Gopalpur Tata Steel Prakalpa Prabhabita Chasi Manch

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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