Goan Citizens Oppose Memorial for Late CM Manohar Parriker on Miramar Beach

Reported by

Anamika GodeLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 19, 2020

Location of Conflict


North Goa

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Construction of memorial on a public beach categorised as a No Development Zone



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Land Use

Goan citizens have opposed a memorial to be built on Miramar beach as a tribute to late Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar. The foundation stone for the project was laid on December 13, 2019, in what would have been Parrikar's 64th birth anniversary. The memorial is proposed to be developed as a museum-shrine within 200 metres of the high-tide line (HTL, the furthest point the tidal water reaches during high tide) on the beach. All areas within 0-500 metres of the HTL are part of the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ). Miramar Beach is classified as CRZ III under the coastal regulation laws, which prohibit construction up to 200 metres of the HTL. All areas within the 0-200 metre zone of the HTL are further categorised as No Development Zone. In the case of Miramar, this includes the entire stretch of sandy beach. The INR 8.5 crore memorial is being designed by UCJ Architecture and Environment, a Mumbai-based company. As per a news report, the memorial will be an interactive public space that will also feature a library, an audio-visual room and a souvenir shop. The proposal for such development, however, has not yet been made public. The Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority, the statutory authority responsible for the implementation of the CRZ Notification, 2011, cleared the proposal of the memorial by the Goa State Infrastructure Development Corporation (GSIDC) on November 19, 2019. GSIDC is the executing agency for the project. The people have opposed the memorial on two grounds: one, construction of this scale is prohibited in a No Development Zone as per CRZ Notification, 2011; second, Miramar is a public beach meant to be enjoyed by all and hence, it cannot be encroached for a specific land use. The opposition has mainly come from a citizens' group called Goencho Avaaz and the residents who live around the beach. It is worth noting that the Goan community at large is active and vocal on issues against privatisation/encroachment of public beaches by either the government or a corporate. In 2002, the Nandkumar Kamat Committee set up by the Goa government prepared a report on proposals for development of the beach. The committees report said that Miramar beach cannot be equated with any other beach in GoaPeople unequivocally consider Miramar beach as a special case, a unique beach, so far left intact as a valuable public asset People would not support any constructions on the beachside or landscaping on sand dunes or restricting fishing activity or promoting any water sports activity. In February 2020, Devika Sequira, who lives near Miramar beach, filed a public interest litigation before the High Court of Bombay at Goa, seeking a direction to the government to stop the construction of the memorial and to scrap the project altogether. The petition also sought interim relief in the form of an immediate stay to the ongoing construction until the Nandakumar Kamat Committees findings and recommendations are considered.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Scrapping of the project

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bombay at Goa

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Public campaign

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Goa State Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited, Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

UCJ Architecture and Environment

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Anamika Gode

Reviewed By

Anamika Gode

Updated By

Anamika Gode

Edited By

Anamika GodeLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now