October 22, 2016
October 22, 2016
October 22, 2016
SIPCOT Industrial Growth Centre at Gangaikondan was set up on 2,033 acres of land in Tirunelveli district close to Tirunelveli-Madurai National Highway. Government of Tamil Nadu had given license to the multinational giant PEPSICO to setup a factory in Gangaikondan SIPCOT in Manur Panchayat union in about 36 acres of land. The company has entered in to an agreement with the government to use the water from Thamirabarani river for the purpose of manufacturing soft drinks. Pepsi proposed to draw around ten lakh litres a day from the Thamirabarani at 3.75 paise per litre for manufacturing beverages in its plant at Gangaikondan. An RTI filed by a local resident has revealed that the soft drink multinational giant has been given a license to use 15 lakh (1.5 million) litres of water every day from the river for the period of 99 years lease. Already, the South India Bottling Company Private Limited (SIBCL), a franchisee of soft drinks giant Coca-Cola which was set up in 2006 with an investment of INR 280 million is located in the same Gagaikondan SIPCOT and is taking 10 lakh (1 million) litres of water from Thamirabarani river at the rate of Rs 13.50 per 1,000 litre. This is a 7-acre factory unit with a 36 acre campus. River Thamirabarani starts in Pothigai hills and ends in Srivaikundam. This is the only perennial river of Tamilnadu. The river irrigates around 120 square kms of agricultural lands in Tirunelveli district and Tuticorin district. It is the only source of drinking water for the people of Tirunelveli district. The people here consider the river as the mother of all and attach a spiritual importance to it. As a result local people and several groups have been protesting. Both PepsiCo and Coke, since their respective entries into India in 1990 and 1993, have invested about $2 billion here. PepsiCo India has 42 bottling plants in the country, while Coke has 58. India is expecting to receive $10.5 billion in investments from the two global giants by 2020.
Opposition against environmental degradation
Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Madras High Court
W.P.(MD) No.6040 of 2017; W.P(MD) Nos.22425 of 2015 and 20558 of 2016
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
SIPCOT, Government of Tamil Nadu
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:
Thamizhaga Vaazhvurimai Katchi, Tamil Nadu Science Forum, CPIM