Farmers oppose IIT campus in Sanguem in South Goa

Reported by

Nihar GokhaleLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 6, 2019

Location of Conflict

CortaliSanguem block


South Goa

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







Farmers in Cortali village of Sanguem taluka, and Nagvem village of Quepem taluka in South Goa have opposed setting up of the Indian Institute of Technology Goa campus. That is because the campus is slated to be built the in farmland and hill slopes falling within the periphery of both villages. The site was finalised by a panel constituted by the Union Ministry of Human Resource and Development after the Goa Government failed to procure land at the earlier approved site at Loliem village in Canacona taluka in South Goa due to the opposition by villagers. About 250 acres at the new site is already owned by the State Government and the rest is proposed to be acquired. The South Goa District Administration began preparing for the land acquisition process in October 2017. One tenant, at the time, threatened to commit suicide if his land was acquired. A public meeting at Sanguem in February drew nearly 400 people who opposed the project and said they were not consulted before the site was finalised. They also said that the project site consists of forest areas with millions of trees including cashew plantations. Government officials have said that the land is fallow and not cultivated, but several farmers have contested this claim, saying they cultivate two crops per year on the land and that the site falls under the command area of the Selaulim irrigation project. They have said that they are not against the project but its location, and have suggested alternate sites in the taluka. South Goa district administration has assured to pay high compensation to the farmers and look into whether the project needs further approvals from the Forest Department. In June 2018, the District Administration issued notices to the farmers to seek their consent to the project. The farmers have threatened to agitate before the district headquarters if the process is not withdrawn. Sanguem's Independent MLA Prasad Gaonkar has assured to protect farmers' demands but said that majority of them support the project and it is a "godsend" for the local economy.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

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Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

South Goa district administration, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India

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Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

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