Deceitful & Coercive Land Acquisiton in Gharghoda Tehsil, Chhatisgarh

Reported by

Siddhant Kalra

Published on

July 17, 2017

July 17, 2017

Updated on

July 17, 2017

Location of Conflict

Tehsils - Raigarh, Kharsia, Gharghoda, Dharamjaigarh, TamnarVillages - Benghari, Khokhraoma, Katangdi, Kunkuni, Nawapara Tenda and 14 villages of Tamnar Tehsil

Raigarh

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

Coal

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

580

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

809

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

Chhattisgarh

Sector

Power

Since 2009, multiple tehsils and villages in Raigarh District of Chhattisgarh have been battling against illegal and deceitful land acquisition mediated by middlemen for big power companies. While Benghari, Khokhraoma, Katangdi and Nawapara Tenda in Ghargoda tehsil have been frequently reported in National and International Media, villages in Kharsia, Dharamjaigarh and Tamnar tehsil (all in Raigarh District) have witnessed similar incidents. Threats by local mafia, deceitful contracts, forgeries, forced waste dumping and even murder have been alleged against village middlemen and companies like Saptarishi Infra Tech Estate. In Ghargoda tehsil, about 100 farmers have lost over 680 acres of land between 2012 and 2017 to two companies TRN Energy and Mahavir Coal. Some were threatened to sign blank papers, while others were duped into signing. In Tamnar tehsil, hundreds of residents from 14 villages have reported cases which could fall under Section 170 (B). In Kunkuni of Kharsia tehsil, more than 300 acres of land has been transferred by forgery. The Press Information Bureau of India reported that Jailal Raithiya, the man who brought to light these forgeries, died under mysterious circumstances. Despite signs of a possible poisoning, his body was cremated without a postmortem. In June 2017 a group of 8090 farmers from Ghargoda tehsil filed complaints against the two companies at the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Welfare (Special) Police Station under Sections 170 (1 and 2). However, police decided to do preliminary investigations before filing FIRs. The Adivasis believe that their reports were not taken seriously by the police. A member of PUCL claims that over 140 such cases have been filed by them in Ghargoda in just the past year. However, even the 15 that had favorable outcomes out of them have been appealed to the District Collector by the companies. Lawyers and activists report that everyone in Raigarh has a similar story to tell. It is impossible to reach an accurate figure of the number of total land grabs in Raigarh, but Naiduniya puts it at 580 based on police reports. In just the four villages of Ghargoda Tehsil which filed the most recent complaint this year, around 900 acres of land has been acquired by private firms according to Amnesty International. The overall figure in Raigarh is reported by Naidunia to be over 2000 acres. The outcome of the legal battle remains to be seen. However, despite the flurry of protests and complaints since 2012, there has been little progress for the Adivasis of Raigarh.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Raigarh Police Administration

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

TRN Energy - ACB (India), Mahavir Energy Coal Beneficiation Limited (MECBL), Saptarishi Infra Tech Estate, Zauba Corp

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

People's Union for Civil Liberties

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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