Conflict over grazing land in The Nilgiris

Reported by

Archana Sivaramakrishnan

Published on

July 2, 2017

July 2, 2017

Updated on

July 2, 2017

Location of Conflict

Glenmorgan

The Nilgiris

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Forest Administration (Other than Protected Areas)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

960

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

728

ha

Starting Year

2011

State

Tamil Nadu

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

The Kota and the Toda share overlapping grazing lands in the Glenmorgan area of The Nilgiris, falling under the jurisdiction of the Nilgiris North Forest department. Both these communities are among the particularly vulnerable tribal groups in Tamil Nadu (TN) and have traditionally been buffalo keepers. The villages involved in this conflict are the Todas of Tarnad Mund and the Kotas of Sholur Kokkal. Around 201112, some Kotas from Sholur Kokkal lay claim to the grazing lands in between their fields and those of Tarnad Mund (specifically the hamlet of Pudu Mund). The Kotas claimed that about 1800 acres of land had been allocated to them through a grazing patta. Further, they claimed that buffalo rearing is on the decline because their numbers (the Kota) have increased and that they were losing cattle to wildlife raids. They argue that their traditional occupation of buffalo grazing is not enough to support them anymore and therefore, they want to convert their traditional grazing rights to agricultural rights (agriculture being perceived as more lucrative than buffalo rearing). The land being claimed by the Kotas has been claimed as forest land by the Forest Department. Over the last 34 years, the Revenue Department has also become involved because part of the land, they claim is under the Revenue Department. The conflict has been with the Forest Department and the Revenue department. The Forest Department considers the conversion of grazing land to agricultural land a problem; traditional grazing rights of both Todas and Kotas have been recognized by the Forest Department. The land under conflict is also partially under a revenue category called the 'Toda Patta' land a revenue assignment by the British to the Toda. A parallel conflict has been with the Todas claiming that part of the land being converted to agricultural use by the Kotas is of ritual importance to them (the Todas) and needs to be isolated from other communities. There have also been allegations (by Forest Department) that the Kotas have in fact leased out this land to nontribal members of the adjoining village because they (the Kotas) were unable to raise enough capital to cultivate the land. Some of these non tribal members have also been arrested by the Police. (The Hindu report, 2013)

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Revenue department, Government of Tamil Nadu, Forest Department, Government of Tamil Nadu

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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