Conflict in Similipal National Park

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Published on

October 17, 2016

October 17, 2016

Updated on

October 17, 2016

Location of Conflict

Similipal

Mayurbhanj

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

Sancuary

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

302

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

1979

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

The Similipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha, which is inhabited by tribal communities, has been in the news for a conflict between the tribals and forest department. Similipal, which is spread over 2,750 sq. km, was declared a tiger reserve in 1973 and a sanctuary in 1979. In 1986, the Central government proposed to mark 845 sq. km of the reserve as the core area, which would be designated as a national park. Since then, the forest department has been relocating 63 families living in the core zone or using it for livelihood. This drive has led to a series of conflicts between tribespeople and forest department on different fronts. Till now, the department has relocated almost all the villages from the core zone. Only two villages are still resisting. Families from a village named Bakua along with the remaining three families (others were relocated) of Jamunagarh village have been resisting the relocation. Both the villages have received community rights over the Simlipal forest under the Forest Rights Act (FRA) in 2015 along with 41 other villages of the core area. Activists working in the region allege that the forest department has been forcefully relocating the families from the core zone in violation of the FRA. Denying these allegations, Simlipal forest officials told LCW that all the relocations are voluntary. The forest department also plans to relocate 59 villages situated in the buffer zone of the tiger reserve. It has already relocated one village named Kiyajhari from the buffer zone. Residents of the remaining 59 villages are continuously thwarting the relocation. Mankirdias, a particularly vulnerable tribal group of Simlipal forest is also contesting with the forest department to get their habitat rights under FRA so that they can collect nottimber minor forest produce from the jungle to earn their livelihood. Mankirdias are nomads who collect siali fiber from the dense areas of the jungle i.e. core zone. Activists are saying that the district level committee had approved Mankirdias habitat titles but in a subsequent meeting, the forest department denied approving the claims and circulated copies of an order by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) which banned the process of distributing tribal rights in the tiger reserves across India. On another front, a climate of tension persists between the residents of relocated villages and the forest department. In many relocation sites, families have been complaining to the officials for not keeping the promises about providing cultivable land, basic minimum facilities, space for cattle etc.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest Rights Act of 2006

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest department of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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