Arrest of Farmers in Gujarat Over Human-Wildlife Conflict

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Human-Wildlife Conflict



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

On May 31, 2018, carcasses of blue bulls (nilgai), and a lion were found floating in the well of an agricultural filed belonging to farmer Jaisukh Savaliya in Likhala village of Amreli. The village, which is in revenue area, falls in jurisdiction of Savarkundla range of Gir (East) forest division. The farmers had fenced the fields spread on 125 bigha land. Forest officials suspect that the lion must have been electrocuted from the barbedwire fencing put up around the farms. The Gujarat forest department arrested Nanu Savaliya (75) and his son Jaisukh (45) of Likhala village and booked them under various sections of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 related to hunting. They were also booked under Section 201 of the Indian Penal Code for destroying the evidence. They were produced in the court and remanded to the departments custody till June 6, 2018. The Amreli Kisan Sangh organized a gram sabha that was attended by nearly 1,500 people in which they adopted a resolution condemning the arrest. The Gir forest spread across Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts.and is the only natural habitat of Asiatic lions in the world. The endangered Asiatic lions have been included in ScheduleI of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and killing or hunting them can result into imprisonment and monetary fine. The blue bull is also a protected species of antelope and has been included in ScheduleIII of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 197. To keep these wild animals away from their crops, some farmers attach live electric wires to wirefencing round their fields, sometimes leading to electrocution of wildlife.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Forest Department, Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Ltd , Forensic Science Laboratory, Junagadh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Amreli Kisan Sangh

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now