Arrest of Farmers in Gujarat Over Human-Wildlife Conflict

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Human-Wildlife Conflict



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)






Conservation and Forestry

On May 31, 2018, carcasses of blue bulls (nilgai), and a lion were found floating in the well of an agricultural filed belonging to farmer Jaisukh Savaliya in Likhala village of Amreli. The village, which is in revenue area, falls in jurisdiction of Savarkundla range of Gir (East) forest division. The farmers had fenced the fields spread on 125 bigha land. Forest officials suspect that the lion must have been electrocuted from the barbedwire fencing put up around the farms. The Gujarat forest department arrested Nanu Savaliya (75) and his son Jaisukh (45) of Likhala village and booked them under various sections of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 related to hunting. They were also booked under Section 201 of the Indian Penal Code for destroying the evidence. They were produced in the court and remanded to the departments custody till June 6, 2018. The Amreli Kisan Sangh organized a gram sabha that was attended by nearly 1,500 people in which they adopted a resolution condemning the arrest. The Gir forest spread across Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts.and is the only natural habitat of Asiatic lions in the world. The endangered Asiatic lions have been included in ScheduleI of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and killing or hunting them can result into imprisonment and monetary fine. The blue bull is also a protected species of antelope and has been included in ScheduleIII of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 197. To keep these wild animals away from their crops, some farmers attach live electric wires to wirefencing round their fields, sometimes leading to electrocution of wildlife.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Forest Department, Paschim Gujarat Vij Company Ltd , Forensic Science Laboratory, Junagadh

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Amreli Kisan Sangh

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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